linguistic unit


Also found in: Thesaurus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.linguistic unit - one of the natural units into which linguistic messages can be analyzed
discourse - extended verbal expression in speech or writing
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
syllable - a unit of spoken language larger than a phoneme; "the word `pocket' has two syllables"
lexeme - a minimal unit (as a word or stem) in the lexicon of a language; `go' and `went' and `gone' and `going' are all members of the English lexeme `go'
morpheme - minimal meaningful language unit; it cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units
formative - minimal language unit that has a syntactic (or morphological) function
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
string - a linear sequence of symbols (characters or words or phrases)
collocation - a grouping of words in a sentence
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
sign - a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure
component part, part, portion, component, constituent - something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach"; "the animal constituent of plankton"
References in periodicals archive ?
That is, in a non-modular approach, linguistic structure is expected to be cross-cut so that each, even the smallest meaningful linguistic element, becomes a well-structured linguistic unit which is held to involve all "levels" of conceptual organization, including the unit's phonological structure, its morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
Every linguistic unit operates at two levels: it is sequentially structured with other items in its immediate context; i.
Figure 1 represents how, in successful communication, speaker (S) and hearer (H) are joined in their coordinated ,focus on the conceptual entity that is designated by the linguistic unit (profile).
the given linguistic unit [U = dog] is evoked as a schema [S] to categorise the conceptual target (T = the specific DOG) by working as a standard of categorisation (Langacker, 1987: 67-68).
Linguists have only recently classified it as a distinct linguistic unit within the several other Edoid speech varieties that surround it.
If, as Janda claims, "the context for the metonymic relationship is the affix" (2011: 360), then we should treat the affix to be precisely "this part of linguistic unit which, together with the word's stem, explicitly points to the (part of) of the concept to be named.
If one accepts that the symbolic structure of a linguistic unit conventionally involves semantic content and construal operations that configure the semantic content, then making a case for basicness is quite straightforward.
word) as a type of linguistic unit was helpfully exemplified by the input, but each group reported different types of linguistic features and linguistic units.
Thus the hypothesis that for all contents which an expression possesses also the fact of expressing or not expressing that content is expressed by the pertinent linguistic unit entails the existence of an infinite amount of expressed contents as a consequence.
Still, the predominant view is that the conventional meaning of a linguistic unit is its "lexicalized meaning, i.
Term is a word or word-combination which denote the notion of a special realm of communication in science, industry, technology, art, in a definitive field of knowledge and human activity, that is a special purposes linguistic unit ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2007).
She proceeds to analyze the capital both as a graphic sign and as an example of the smallest linguistic unit, the phoneme, which carries no meaning on its own.