linguistic unit


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Noun1.linguistic unit - one of the natural units into which linguistic messages can be analyzed
discourse - extended verbal expression in speech or writing
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
syllable - a unit of spoken language larger than a phoneme; "the word `pocket' has two syllables"
lexeme - a minimal unit (as a word or stem) in the lexicon of a language; `go' and `went' and `gone' and `going' are all members of the English lexeme `go'
morpheme - minimal meaningful language unit; it cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units
formative - minimal language unit that has a syntactic (or morphological) function
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
string - a linear sequence of symbols (characters or words or phrases)
collocation - a grouping of words in a sentence
speech sound, phone, sound - (phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language
sign - a fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"--de Saussure
component part, part, portion, component, constituent - something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach"; "the animal constituent of plankton"
References in periodicals archive ?
Siddiqui said that the Sindh chief minister was representing a single linguistic unit of Sindh and the biased Sindh government had left Sindh's urban areas helpless.
"Especially when we consider the environment from which the specimen was taken, it is actually pretty normal for a sentence to take that long to formulate, especially given how we have chosen to define the very linguistic unit that a sentence is," said Durdana McAllister from South Asia Language Resource Center at The University of Chicago, while talking to The Dependent.
The following layer deals with "the text as a complete linguistic unit" (36), which involves the information flow as presented by Halliday's theme and rheme, types of marked themes, or a number of interesting strategies related to information structure, such as voice change or extraposition (cf.
Linguists have only recently classified it as a distinct linguistic unit within the several other Edoid speech varieties that surround it.
The foregoing discussion clearly points to the pivotal role of the conceptualizer in the meaning assigning process: the grasping of a linguistic unit's meaning requires full contextual knowledge in which the unit is used.
Dialectical investigation of the evolution of meaning in a structure, lent by the conventions/traditions of a language community that does not insist upon the perpetual deferral of meaning in the created linguistic entity, can be done when and only when the duel quality that is, of being prakasya and prakasaka of a linguistic unit or sabda or even otherwise a sign is well understood.
Genuine sub-sentential speech is ipso facto non-elliptical, since what is produced in the speech act is not a semantically or syntactically elliptical sentence, but a sub-sentential linguistic unit. In other words, in genuine sub-sentential speech, the thing uttered not only sounds like a bare phrase, but actually is a bare phrase.
Still, the predominant view is that the conventional meaning of a linguistic unit is its "lexicalized meaning, i.e.

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