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Related to Lipopolysaccharides: O antigen, Lipid A


 (lĭp′ō-pŏl′ē-săk′ə-rīd′, lī′pō-)
Any of a group of polysaccharides in which a lipid constitutes a portion of the molecule, found in the outer cell wall of gram-negative bacteria.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈlaɪp oʊˌpɒl iˈsæk əˌraɪd, -rɪd, ˈlaɪ poʊ-)

any of a class of polysaccharides to which lipids are attached.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of cyanobacterial lipopolysaccharides from microcystis on glutathione-based detoxification pathways in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo.
Most widely known pyrogens are Lipopolysaccharides, which are considered as cell wall components of gram-negative bacteria.
The chief culprit in this scenario is a ubiquitous, highly-toxic family of compounds called lipopolysaccharides, or endotoxins.
Hypothermia as an indicator of the acute effects of lipopolysaccharides comparison with serum levels of IL1[beta], IL6 and TNF[alpha].
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) was obtained from Sigma (Ontario, CA) and was diluted into 1000ug/mL with H2O, then the solution was diluted into 1ug/mL and 0.1ug/mL respectively with complete medium.
Trent, "Biosynthesis and export of bacterial lipopolysaccharides," Annual Review of Biochemistry, vol.
For instance, all gram-negative bacteria have lipopolysaccharides (LPS); therefore, the lipopolysaccharide pattern recognition receptor of the host (e.g., TLR4) can detect the presence of virtually any gram-negative bacterial infection [4].
Hansch, "Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) induce the differentiation of human monocytes to osteoclasts in a tumour necrosis factor (TNF) a-dependent manner: a link between infection and pathological bone resorption," Molecular Immunology, vol.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lipopolysaccharides from Porphyromonas gingivalis (PgLPS) on mesenchymal phenotype and osteoblast/cementoblast (O/C) potential of PDLSCs.
Jacques, "Role oflipo-oligosaccharides and lipopolysaccharides in bacterial adherence," Trends in Microbiology, vol.
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are the major biological macromolecules of the surface from Gram-negative bacteria (Figure 1A) [1].