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list 1

1. A series of names, words, or other items written, printed, or imagined one after the other: a shopping list; a guest list; a list of things to do.
2. A considerable number; a long series: recited a list of dates memorized.
v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
1. To make a list of; itemize: listed his previous jobs.
2. To enter in a list; register: listed each item received.
3. To put (oneself) in a specific category: lists herself as an artist.
4. Archaic To recruit.
1. To have a stated list price: a radio that lists for ten dollars over the sale price.
2. Archaic To enlist in the armed forces.

[French liste, from Old French, from Old Italian lista, of Germanic origin.]

list′er n.

list 2

a. A narrow strip, especially of wood.
b. Architecture See listel.
c. A border or selvage of cloth.
2. A stripe or band of color.
a. often lists An arena for jousting tournaments or other contests.
b. A place of combat.
c. An area of controversy.
4. A ridge thrown up between two furrows by a lister in plowing.
5. Obsolete A boundary; a border.
tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
1. To cover, line, or edge with list.
2. To cut a thin strip from the edge of.
3. To furrow or plant (land) with a lister.

[Middle English, from Old English līste.]

list 3

An inclination to one side, as of a ship; a tilt.
intr. & tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
To lean or cause to lean to the side: The damaged ship listed badly to starboard. Erosion first listed, then toppled the spruce tree.

[Origin unknown.]

list 4

intr. & tr.v. list·ed, list·ing, lists Archaic
To listen or listen to.

[Middle English listen, from Old English hlystan; see kleu- in Indo-European roots.]

list 5

 (lĭst) Archaic
v. list·ed, list·ing, lists
To be pleasing to; suit.
To be disposed; choose.
A desire or inclination.

[Middle English listen, to desire, please, from Old English lystan; see las- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


pl n
1. (Historical Terms) history
a. the enclosed field of combat at a tournament
b. the barriers enclosing the field at a tournament
2. any arena or scene of conflict, controversy, etc
3. enter the lists to engage in a conflict, controversy, etc
[C14: plural of list2 (border, boundary)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.)
1. an enclosed arena for a tilting contest.
2. the barriers enclosing this arena.
3. any place or scene of combat, competition, controversy, etc.
[1350–1400; Middle English listes, pl. of liste list2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


[lɪsts] NPL (Hist) → liza f
to enter the lists (against sth/sb) (fig) → salir or saltar a la palestra (contra algo/algn)
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


pl (Hist) → Schranken pl; to enter the lists (fig)in die Schranken treten (liter), → zum Kampf antreten; he entered the lists after the first balloter trat nach dem ersten Wahlgang in den Wahlkampf ein
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[lɪsts] npl (History) → lizza
to enter the lists (against sb/sth) (fig) → entrare in lizza (contro qn/qc)
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
In the long lists by the Garonne on the landward side of the northern gate there had been many a strange combat, when the Teutonic knight, fresh from the conquest of the Prussian heathen, ran a course against the knight of Calatrava, hardened by continual struggle against the Moors, or cavaliers from Portugal broke a lance with Scandinavian warriors from the further shore of the great Northern Ocean.
The Passage of Arms, as it was called, which was to take place at Ashby, in the county of Leicester, as champions of the first renown were to take the field in the presence of Prince John himself, who was expected to grace the lists, had attracted universal attention, and an immense confluence of persons of all ranks hastened upon the appointed morning to the place of combat.
Know that the great lord and illus- trious Kni8ht, SIR SAGRAMOR LE DESIROUS naving condescended to meet the King's Minister, Hank Mor- gan, the which is surnamed The Boss, for satisfgction of offence anciently given, these wilL engage in the lists by Camelot about the fourth hour of the morning of the sixteenth day of this next succeeding month.
On the looking-glass were lists of definitions and pronunciations; when shaving, or dressing, or combing his hair, he conned these lists over.
If the States are united under one government, there will be but one national civil list to support; if they are divided into several confederacies, there will be as many different national civil lists to be provided for -- and each of them, as to the principal departments, coextensive with that which would be necessary for a government of the whole.
That, the evidence of these two witnesses, coupled with the documents of their discovering that would be produced, would show the prisoner to have been furnished with lists of his Majesty's forces, and of their disposition and preparation, both by sea and land, and would leave no doubt that he had habitually conveyed such information to a hostile power.
Just inside the door a number of notices were pinned up, lists of lectures, football fixtures, and the like; and these he looked at idly, trying to seem at his ease.
I have seen a great many lists of her drawingup at various times of books that she meant to read regularly throughand very good lists they werevery well chosen, and very neatly arrangedsometimes alphabetically, and sometimes by some other rule.
The first person to enter the-field and the lists was the master of the ceremonies, who surveyed and paced the whole ground to see that there was nothing unfair and nothing concealed to make the combatants stumble or fall; then the duennas entered and seated themselves, enveloped in mantles covering their eyes, nay even their bosoms, and displaying no slight emotion as Don Quixote appeared in the lists.
Of these, her grandfather was one; the others she recognised as the first card-players at the public-house on the eventful night of the storm--the man whom they had called Isaac List, and his gruff companion.
But we don't really know anything about it and won't until the pass list is out.
The list of the saved, as collected by the people of the whaler, is not vouched for as being absolutely correct, the circumstances having been adverse to investigation.