Sandra Canning, an artist using 3D printing to make photography 3D printed lithophanes
You can use PhotoToMesh to create LithoPhanes
, back-lit photographic plates, and again here the ability to save the settings is a great time saver.
were adored by the Asian market in particular, and they commanded high prices, but they were almost impossible to find and invariably disappeared back underground once a repair had been completed.
In the 19th century, as well as the finely painted vignettes exemplified by the cup and saucer shown here, Berlin became famous for its porcelain plaques and lithophanes.
Lithophanes were made from thin, generally undecorated, porcelain and were moulded with pictures in relief which came to life when lit from behind.
LITHOPHANES ARE THREE-DIMENSIONAL TRANSLUCENT porcelain plaques which, when backlit, reveal detailed magical images.
Lithophanes were incorporated into night lights, candle shields, tea and food warmers, lamp shades, fairy lamps, beer steins, tea cups and were hung in windows.
During the 19th century, lithophanes were made in a factory setting by skilled, primarily anonymous craftspeople.
Downes again refers to a process which is no longer commonly used through examining the history of lithophanes.
Lithophanes gained enormous popularity in Europe during the early to mid 1800s.
4) Early European porcelain lithophanes were cast from delicate and complex carvings in wax which were moulded in plaster.
Unlike the lithophane
technique (4), phanolith meets the challenge to amalgamate the translucent backlight image with the real plasticity of the design.