lithophile


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

lith·o·phile

 (lĭth′ə-fīl′)
adj.
Relating to or being a chemical element that tends to concentrate in silicate minerals. On earth, the lithophile elements are found chiefly in the crust and mantle.
n.
A lithophile element.

[German lithophil : litho-, litho- + -phil, -phile.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Normal mid oceanic ridge basalts (NMORB)-normalized plots of dolerites, olivine dolerites and lamprophyres show higher enrichments of large ion lithophile elements (LILEs) relative to high field strength elements (HFSEs) and marked positive anomalies on Nb which confirm their origins from an enriched mantle source.
Analysis of light lithophile elements (Li, Be, B) by laser ablation ICP-MS: Comparison between magnetic sector and quadrupole ICP-MS.
The contents of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) Rb, Sr, Cs, and Ba are markedly lower than those in the Earth's crust (Wedepohl, 1995).
The factor analysis exposed a large association of lithophile elements, including rare-earth ones (the second factor 16.68%).
The lithophile elements (Ca) and a number of chalcophile elements (e.g., Cu, Zn, Ag, and Cd) exhibit moderate correlations between each other (Figure 4(a)), thus suggesting that they share the same source.
The chemical composition of excreta (feces) indicates that through mechanical scraping of stones and fractures, this snail ingests large amounts of lithophile elements such as Al, Cr, or Fe, which are scarcely absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract.
In ultramafic rocks, Mg and Ni are its lithophile associations that also present in mafic minerals.
Their mantle-normalized pattern is smooth showing low fractionation between large ion lithophile elements (LILE) and high field strength elements (HFSE).
In this work, cluster analysis was performed using the natural logarithm of major elements ([[Si[O.sub.2]].sub.adj]-[[P.sub.2][O.sub.5].sub.adj]) and representative trace (transition: Co, V; rare earth: La, Eu, Yb; lithophile: Ba, Sr, U; high-field strength: Hf, Y, Zr) elements to [[[Al.sub.2][O.sub.3]].sub.adj] ratios by using a hierarchical cluster method (HCM; [42]).
According to Duffus [1], the scientifically sound designations of elements generally considered as heavy metals are as follows: As, Cd, Hg, Pb, and Sb (Chalcophile); Fe, Co, Cu, Ni, and Zn (lithophile/chalcophile); and Mn and Cr (lithophile).