Similar to mammary glands, these glands have the capacity to branch into lobuli
and to form acini.
Lobuloplasty was applied in eight patients (61.5%) for partial lobule cleft, in four patients (30.7%) for elongated lobule, and in one patient (7.8%) for coloboma lobuli
(congenital lobule cleft).
Fryczkowsk, "Anatomical and functional choroidal lobuli
," International Ophthalmology, vol.
(2004) reported that the largest numbers of ghrelin-positive cells were located at the base of lobuli
of the proventriculus gland, along villi of the intestines and in crypts of the duodenum, while lower numbers of ghrelin-immunostained cells were located in crypts of jejunum and ileum and only few ghrelin-immunostained cells were detected at the base of crypts of the large intestine.
On the other hand, intrahepatic vascular remodelling with capillarization of sinusoids and alcohol-related central zone steatosis of lobuli
alter hepatic oxygen supply leading to hypoxia with formation of new vessels and finally create a vicious circle .
Lobular carcinomas (10-20%) start from cells in the lobuli
and can also be divided in these subtypes .
Interestingly, in an immunohistochemical study on bcl-2, normal ducts or lobuli
showed positive epithelial staining with bcl-2, the staining was decreased or absent in apocrine metaplasia foci .
Posterior lobe of pronotum (ratio max W : L 0.68): More gibbous than midlobe, subproximally with well marked humeral tubercles and medial boulder-shaped protuberance; the very posterior sector depressed, flat, with hardly marked posthumeral lobuli
, posterior margin straight.
Nevertheless, these findings were reasonable findings with regard to the expansive appearance of the lobuli
, which may finally lead to a nodular lobular pattern.
Flores 3-9 per inflorescentiam, pediceli 1-4 mm longi; calycis lobuli
deltati, hypanthium infundibuliforme.