localization of function


Also found in: Thesaurus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.localization of function - (physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
principle, rule - a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system; "the principle of the conservation of mass"; "the principle of jet propulsion"; "the right-hand rule for inductive fields"
lateralisation, laterality, lateralization - localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
References in periodicals archive ?
We possess, especially as adults, but with children as well, a high degree of localization of function, but that is not enough to explain the capacity for plasticity, regeneration, spontaneous recovery, and optimization in neurological terms and certainly not in its translation into educational practice.
This localization of function initially led to the discovery of brain regions for vision, hearing, movement, touch, and language.
Focusing on Paul Broca's role, and discussing his views as a member of the French Senate, his personal life, and other interests that led him to the exploration of what became known as Broca's area, he also describes the historical context of Descartes, reason, and the scientific method; the context of the Enlightenment; the roles of Bouillaud, Aubertin, and others; the contribution of phrenology to the understanding of localization of functions of the brain; the cases of Leborgne and Lelong; and Broca's contributions to cancer, handedness, anthropology, genetics, cranial anthropometry, trepanation, and other subjects.