logarithm


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Related to logarithm: natural logarithm

log·a·rithm

 (lô′gə-rĭth′əm, lŏg′ə-)
n. Mathematics
The power to which a base, such as 10, must be raised to produce a given number. If nx = a, the logarithm of a, with n as the base, is x; symbolically, logn a = x. For example, 103 = 1,000; therefore, log10 1,000 = 3. The kinds most often used are the common logarithm (base 10), the natural logarithm (base e), and the binary logarithm (base 2).

[New Latin logarithmus : Greek logos, reason, proportion; see leg- in Indo-European roots + Greek arithmos, number; see ar- in Indo-European roots.]

log′a·rith′mic (-rĭth′mĭk), log′a·rith′mi·cal (-mĭ-kəl) adj.
log′a·rith′mi·cal·ly adv.

logarithm

(ˈlɒɡəˌrɪðəm)
n
(Mathematics) the exponent indicating the power to which a fixed number, the base, must be raised to obtain a given number or variable. It is used esp to simplify multiplication and division: if ax = M, then the logarithm of M to the base a (written logaM) is x. Often shortened to: log See also common logarithm, natural logarithm
[C17: from New Latin logarithmus, coined 1614 by John Napier, from Greek logos ratio, reckoning + arithmos number]

log•a•rithm

(ˈlɔ gəˌrɪð əm, -ˌrɪθ-, ˈlɒg ə-)

n.
the exponent of the power to which a base number must be raised to equal a given number; log: 2 is the logarithm of 100 to the base 10 (2 = log10 100).
[1605–15; < New Latin logarithmus < Greek log- log- + arithmós number; see arithmetic]

log·a·rithm

(lô′gə-rĭth′əm)
The power to which a base must be raised to produce a given number. For example, if the base is 10, then 3 is the logarithm of 1,000 (written log 1,000 = 3) because 103 = 1,000.

logarithm

- From Greek logos, "reckoning, ratio," and arithmos, "number."
See also related terms for reckoning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.logarithm - the exponent required to produce a given numberlogarithm - the exponent required to produce a given number
exponent, index, power - a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
common logarithm - a logarithm to the base 10
Napierian logarithm, natural logarithm - a logarithm to the base e
Translations
لوغاريثْم
logaritmus
logaritme
logaritmi
logaritam
logaritmus
lógaritmi
logaritmas
logaritms
logaritmus
logaritm
ลอการิทึม

logarithm

[ˈlɒgərɪθəm] Nlogaritmo m

logarithm

[ˈlɒgərɪðəm] nlogarithme mlog book n
(formerly) (= registration document) [car] → carte grise
[traveller, explorer] → carnet m de route; [lorry driver] → carnet m de route
[movement of goods] → registre mlog cabin ncabane f en rondinslog fire nfeu m de bois

logarithm

nLogarithmus m

logarithm

[ˈlɒgəˌrɪðm] nlogaritmo
common logarithm → logaritmo decimale or volgare

logarithm

(ˈlogəriðəm) noun
(abbreviated to log (log) ) the number of times eg 10 must be multiplied by itself to produce a particular number. 10  10  10 or 103 = 1,000, so 3 is here the logarithm of 1,000.
References in classic literature ?
All human actions will then, of course, be tabulated according to these laws, mathematically, like tables of logarithms up to 108,000, and entered in an index; or, better still, there would be published certain edifying works of the nature of encyclopaedic lexicons, in which everything will be so clearly calculated and explained that there will be no more incidents or adventures in the world.
I, for instance, would not be in the least surprised if all of a sudden, a propos of nothing, in the midst of general prosperity a gentleman with an ignoble, or rather with a reactionary and ironical, countenance were to arise and, putting his arms akimbo, say to us all: "I say, gentleman, hadn't we better kick over the whole show and scatter rationalism to the winds, simply to send these logarithms to the devil, and to enable us to live once more at our own sweet foolish will!" That again would not matter, but what is annoying is that he would be sure to find followers--such is the nature of man.
But it is best not to be intimate with gentlemen of this profession and to take the calculations at second hand, as you do logarithms, for to work them yourself, depend upon it, will cost you something considerable.
Besides, they are logarithms - Survey, I suppose.' He laid them aside.
The study was themed: (Workplace planning logarithms in a multipurpose artificial colony of bees).
Frustratingly, most calculators do not have a base n logarithm function, although this is beginning to change with new models (4).
First: real price of logarithm average and estimated price of logarithm average rather to last benefit is 8.41 and 8.44 Second: statistic rate of this model is -0.079 and correlation rate is 0.76
Taking the logarithm of both sides of (1.4) and using Mobius inversion gives (see [BLL98]) the following refinement of (1.2),
[s.sub.t+k] = logarithm of spot exchange rate(quote currency units per unit of base currency), [i.sub.t] = nominal interest rates of quote currency, [i.sup.*.sub.t] = nominal interest rates of base currency.
Strahan (1999) argues that non-price-related loan terms may affect loan spreads too; thus, we also control for loan characteristics, including the logarithm of the facility amount, the logarithm of the number of lenders, and the logarithm of facility maturity.
Key words and phrases : automatic sequence, regular sequence, 2-adic logarithm.
However, there is another, similar function that can help--the natural logarithm. Mathematically, the natural logarithm is the functional inverse of the exponential, as its graph makes clear: the logarithm is the mirror image, reflected across a diagonal, of the exponential.