logical atomism


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Related to logical atomism: logical positivism

logical atomism

n.
A philosophy asserting that the philosophical analysis of language ultimately terminates in atoms of meaning that correspond to the basic elements of reality.

logical atomism

n
(Philosophy) the philosophical theory of Bertrand Russell and the early Wittgenstein which held that all meaningful expressions must be analysable into atomic elements which refer directly to atomic elements of the real world
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(1) Thus Russell's "logical atomism" is atomistic insofar as, as he puts it, "I share the common-sense belief that there are many separate things." Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (London: Routledge, 1972), 2.
Moreover, it is clear that the paradigms used in molecular biology, neuroscience, and many other areas can be described as a form of logical atomism driven to extremes by the research funding regimes we live under.
David Bostock provides an exposition and evaluation of Bertrand Russell's logical atomism. Bostock's book is organized into three main sections: these canvas Russell's views on (1) logic and mathematics, (2) knowledge, and (3) metaphysics, respectively.
Another benefit of our alternative expression is that it makes clearer the relation between Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Russell's constructive logical atomism (in, say, his 1914 and 1918) as well as Carnap's later constructive undertaking in his Aufbau.
This new art trend is often correlated with Wittgenstein's early Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921), in which he attempted to delimit the relationship between language and reality by establishing "the conditions for a logically perfect language," a form of logical atomism or positivism which the philosopher later renounced.
He studied logic--Bertrand Russell's Philosophy of Logical Atomism, and A.J.Ayer' s sassier Language, Truth and Logic, noting that Ayer was twenty-five when he wrote it and, of course, knew everything.
Moore and, in a separate paper, with Gottlob Frege, Russell's logicism, his theory of descriptions and his substitutional theory, 'the theory of types', his method of analysis, his neutral monism and his metaphysics of logical atomism, his structuralism and the absolute description of the world, his influence on knowledge by acquaintance to knowledge by causation, an essay on 'Russell, Experience, and the Roots of Science' and finally an essay on 'Bertrand Russell: Moral Philosopher or Unphilosophical Moralist'.
"The Philosophy of Logical Atomism." Reprinted in his Logic and Knowledge, ed.
In that of Hempel and Oppenheim these ideals have become attenuated, although they seem to remain motivating, if tacit, elements, as in the project of logical atomism, to which the deductive-nomological theory is related.
Important to the development of logical positivism was the perspective of logical atomism and the works of Whitehead, Russell, Wittgenstein, and eventually, the Vienna Circle.
He then describes Wittgenstein's abandonment of logical atomism in the late 20s in favour of the idea that elementary propositions may be logically related to one another in virtue of membership of systems of propositions ("logical holism").