On the other hand, today there are firmly established theories in cognitive science field explicitly rejecting logical forms
and logic in general, and standard logic in particular, as the criterion to explain human reasoning, and implicitly accepting that relationship at the same time.
From the above, it is not difficult to infer as Omolafe (2000), Unah (2004) and Okoro (2012) do that for Wittgenstein, metaphysical propositions, being unable to be broken into logical forms
makes metaphysics an impossible enterprise.
However, for them it's crucial that in disambiguating there is always appeal to a linguistic convention: that one of the meanings of a given term is such-and-such, that one of the logical forms
of an ambiguous sentence is such-and-such, or what have you.
From the standpoint of the Tractatus it must be that it violates the conditions of what can be said that are established by its metaphysics of simple objects and their logical forms
or possibilities of combination.
This is precisely the core question of Kant's transcendental logic, (12) "namely how subjective conditions of thinking should have objective validity, i.e., yield conditions of the possibility of all cognition of objects." (13) The subjective conditions of thinking are the logical forms
(the form of the concept, the forms of judgment, especially the categorical judgment, and of inference) and principles (principles of identity, noncontradiction, and excluded middle).
The categories and logical forms
of the understanding lead to antinomies when applied to the unconditional.
The vague idea that "on a logical level, if accepting as logical forms
of connection: identity, causality, substantiality, systematicity (the connection between part and whole) and contradiction--obviously so, with no clear reason for this enumeration, we shall not have only one type of relationship" (Noica 1972: 72) is made clear by the above-mentioned method, in a theory of adapting value criteria to the nature of logical objects, reinforcing the presentiment of principle universality and of logical relationships controlled by the former.
Those of a philosophical bent seem forever drawn back to the study of logical forms
. Though many are not as quick as Frege to mathematize argument, and convert the natural language into abstract symbolic form that might be studied for logical structure, the call to the study of form seems eternal.
The DeepQA approach encourages a mixture of experts at this stage, and in the Watson system we produce shallow parses, deep parses (McCord 1990), logical forms
, semantic role labels, coreference, relations, named entities, and so on, as well as specific kinds of analysis for question answering.
Against the dominant reading of the metaphysical deduction, Mosser argues--convincingly--that Kant's aim is not to derive the pure concepts of the understanding from the logical forms
of judgment, but--exploiting the analogy between general and transcendental logic--to take the forms of judgment as providing merely a clue for discovering the set of rules governing the experience of an object.
develop in accordance with logical forms
that constrain lovers and haters in their acts of conceptualizing.
Why does it all have to go on such maddeningly logical forms
, there is no room on the tax return for things I want to put down like "I don't really understand this bit but have attached a letter to explain", or "I think you mean this time last year but again I have enclosed a letter from the building society to help - can you ring me if it's the wrong one ".