logical positivism


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logical positivism

n.
A philosophy asserting the primacy of observation in assessing the truth of statements of fact and holding that metaphysical and subjective arguments not based on observable data are meaningless. Also called logical empiricism.

logical positivism

n
(Philosophy) a philosophical theory that holds to be meaningful only those propositions that can be analysed by the tools of logic into elementary propositions that are either tautological or are empirically verifiable. It therefore rejects metaphysics, theology, and sometimes ethics as meaningless

log′ical pos′itivism


n.
a philosophical movement that rejects all transcendental metaphysics, statements of fact being held to be meaningful only if they have verifiable consequences in experience and in statements of logic, mathematics, or philosophy, with such statements of fact deriving their validity from the rules of language. Also called log′ical empir′icism.
[1930–35]
log′ical pos′itivist, n.

logical positivism

positivism, def. 2.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.logical positivism - the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)
empiricism, empiricist philosophy, sensationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
Comtism - Auguste Comte's positivistic philosophy that metaphysics and theology should be replaced by a hierarchy of sciences from mathematics at the base to sociology at the top
References in periodicals archive ?
Logical positivism into which it developed in the 1920s became one of the most influential movements in twentieth-century philosophy.
I believe logical positivism demolishes atheistic arguments against God's existence or theistic arguments for God's existence.
At the same time this involves upholding the objectivity and significance of mathematics against both logical positivism and various forms of relativism and scepticism that have crippled intellectual life.
Different philosophical standpoints are taken such as complex realism (12) and logical positivism, (13) and connectionism.
Though Wittgenstein's thought has long been associated with logical positivism, it would be a mistake to assume that Wittgenstein shared the logical positivists' disdain for the literary, as Michael LeMahieu has shown.
Frederick Copleston also presents an analytical and comparative discussion on the relationship between Existentialism and Positivism in his book Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism7.
Beiser argues that Duhring was the founder of German logical positivism, but then seems to conflate positivism with optimism, that is, having a "positive attitude." Duhring is further made to bear labels that seem either inconsistent internally or with positivism: he is said to champion materialism, epiphenomenalism, radical rationalism, metaphysical monism, and to be a believer in the "necessity of metaphysics." Further effort to clarify what precisely these attributions mean and whether Duhring held them all at once would have been beneficial.
As a child, our protagonist Dave makes fun of a passing logical positivist, who then proceeds to do something very antithetical to logical positivism. He curses Dave, forcing him "to wander time and space conversing with humanist philosophers until he learns his lesson." One imagines the lesson might be that there is no such thing as a curse!
As a political science undergraduate at the University of Pittsburgh, seeking both intellectual and spiritual enlightenment, Bishirjian was put off by the department's smug, pervasive liberalism that shielded itself behind a hypocritical logical positivism that claimed to be value-free.
For decades, philosophy in English-speaking countries has been dominated by various forms of scientism such as linguistic analysis and logical positivism. Cottingham is old enough to remember an earlier era, and he is suggesting a return to it in the future.
In this revolt, logical positivism had been one of the weapons used to fight conservative and ideological legal science.