analyzed mouse, rat and dog data and found out that the NOAELs ratios were lognormally
Specifically, whereas the approximate approach assumes the BMD is distributed lognormally
, BBMD utilizes Bayesian posterior samples of the BMD, providing a more accurate estimate of uncertainty distribution.
For a normal distribution of porosities 0 < [phi](x, y) < 1, if [alpha] < ~3, the associated permeability field is normally distributed, whereas if ~15 < [alpha] < ~35, the permeability field is lognormally
Slimane, "A simple bound on the outage probability with lognormally
distributed interferers," IEEE Communications Letters, vol.
From this perspective, model factor M is always considered lognormally
distributed in the literature (e.g., [36-38]).
We assumed that the error of state model predictions [epsilon] was lognormally
distributed with mean 0 and an estimated standard deviation [[sigma].sub.process].
For extensions to situations that go beyond risks that are lognormally
distributed, see Valdez et al.
Because the uncertainty in [TDVM.sub.01] = logio([TDVF.sub.01]) was found to be approximately lognormally
distributed, the linear regression was performed on ln([TDVM.sub.01]).
The variables [x.sub.1] and [x.sub.2] are lognormally
distributed with mean values [[mu].sub.1] = 38 and [[mu].sub.2] = 54 and standard deviations [[sigma].sub.1] = 3.8 and [[sigma].sub.2] = 2.7.
However, in the market reality, where often the asset price behavior is affected by volatility smile effect, this implies that the asset price is generally unlikely to be lognormally
distributed the underlying asset volatility tends to change as asset price moves up and down.
They found that it was optimal to harvest a biological asset at fixed age with the size of the asset and its price at harvest time being lognormally
distributed random variables.