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1. Either of two shrubs or vines (Piper longum or P. retrofractum) of South and Southeast Asia, cultivated for their spikes of tiny pungent fruit that are used in dried form as a spice.
2. The whole or ground fruit of either of these plants.
[Ultimately a translation of Latin piper longum : piper, pepper + longum, neuter of longus, long.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||long pepper - slender tropical climber of the eastern Himalayas|
|2.||long pepper - plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red|
chilli, chilly, chile, chili, chili pepper - very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency
red pepper, cayenne, cayenne pepper - ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus Capsicum
genus Capsicum, Capsicum - chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
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