Longcloth did put Burma's main north-south railroad out of commission for a while, demolishing it in several places.
Wingate wrote an after-action report on Longcloth, and it eventually reached British Prime Minister Winston Churchill himself.
During Operation Longcloth, evacuation hadn't been an option.
In the early months of 1943 the 77th Indian Infantry Brigade, the "Chindits", under Brigadier Orde Wingate, began Operation Longcloth
, driving far behind Japanese lines into the heart of Burma.
For Operation Longcloth
, Wingate divided his 3,000 rigorously trained British and Gurkha infantry into seven columns and found enough gaps in the Japanese positions along the east bank of the Chindwin river to get them and about 1,000 terrified pack mules over it.
He heroically took part in the force's most famous mission, Operation Longcloth
, under Major General Orde Wingate.
Just two-thirds of the Chindit troops who embarked upon Operation LONGCLOTH
in February 1943, a marginally successful four-month incursion into Burma, returned.
Despite severe losses, and having to leave behind the wounded because there was no way to evacuate them, Longcloth was a major psychological victory for the British.
Though deeply troubled by unreliable resupply of his troops and the inability to safely evacuate his wounded during Longcloth, Wingate determined to try again.
In February 1943, the famed Operation Longcloth
began, with 3,000 Chindits, led by Wingate.