aberration(redirected from longitudinal aberration)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to longitudinal aberration: lateral chromatic aberration
1. A deviation from what is typical or normal: an election that was an aberration from usual state politics. See Synonyms at deviation.
2. A departure from what is considered natural or proper: "Throughout history, the beast with a taste for human flesh has been regarded as an aberration, even as an outlaw" (Philip Caputo).
3. An abnormal, usually temporary alteration in one's mental state.
a. A defect of focus, such as blurring in an image.
b. An imperfect image caused by a physical defect in an optical element, as in a lens.
5. The apparent displacement of the position of a celestial body in the direction of motion of an observer on Earth, caused by the motion of Earth and the finite velocity of light.
6. Genetics A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
[Latin aberrātiō, aberrātiōn-, diversion, from aberrātus, past participle of aberrāre, to go astray : ab-, away from; see ab-1 + errāre, to stray; see ers- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. deviation from what is normal, expected, or usual
2. departure from truth, morality, etc
3. a lapse in control of one's mental faculties
4. (General Physics) optics a defect in a lens or mirror that causes the formation of either a distorted image or one with coloured fringes. See also spherical aberration, chromatic aberration
5. (Astronomy) astronomy the apparent displacement of a celestial body due to the finite speed of light and the motion of the observer with the earth
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ab•er•ra•tion(ˌæb əˈreɪ ʃən)
1. deviation from the usual or normal course.
2. deviation from the usual or normal type.
3. deviation from truth or moral rectitude.
4. mental unsoundness, esp. of a minor or temporary nature; mental lapse.
5. apparent displacement of a heavenly body, owing to the motion of the earth in its orbit.
6. any disturbance of the rays of a pencil of light such that they can no longer be brought to a sharp focus or form a clear image.
[1585–95; < Latin aberrātiō <aberrā(re) (see aberrant)]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
2. The failure of a lens, mirror, or telescope to bring rays of light coming from a source, such as a star, to a single focus, causing a distorted or blurred image.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Apparent changes in the position of a celestial body, brought about by the movement of the earth in relation to it.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||aberration - a state or condition markedly different from the norm|
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly, chromosonal disorder, chrosomal abnormality - any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities
|2.||aberration - a disorder in one's mental state|
|3.||aberration - an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image|
chromatic aberration - an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
optical phenomenon - a physical phenomenon related to or involving light
spherical aberration - an optical aberration resulting in a distorted image
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
1. anomaly, exception, defect, abnormality, inconsistency, deviation, quirk, peculiarity, divergence, departure, irregularity, incongruity The incident was not just an aberration, not just a single incident.
2. oddity, abnormality, rarity, peculiarity, phenomenon, freak Single people are treated as an aberration and made to pay extra.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
2. The condition of being abnormal:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
aberration[ˌæbəˈreɪʃən] n → anomalie f
in a moment of aberration → dans un moment d'égarement
a temporary aberration → un moment de folie
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
n → Anomalie f; (Astron, Opt) → Aberration f; (in statistics, from course) → Abweichung f; (= mistake) → Irrtum m; (moral) → Verirrung f; in a moment of (mental) aberration (inf) → in einem Augenblick geistiger Verwirrung; I must have had an aberration (inf) → da war ich wohl (geistig) weggetreten (inf); the housing scheme is something of an aberration (inf) → die Wohnsiedlung ist (ja) eine Geschmacksverirrung (inf)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
aberration[ˌæbəˈreɪʃ/ən] n → aberrazione f
in a moment of mental aberration → in un momento di aberrazione mentale
a youthful aberration → una follia or un errore giovanile
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
1. visión defectuosa o imperfecta;
chromatic ___ → ___ cromática
2. desviación de lo normal;
3. trastorno mental;
mental ___ → ___ mental.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012