For example Lloyd and Martin (2005) found nestlings of chestnut-collared longspurs
grew more slowly and had a 17% lower chance of surviving in crested wheatgrass fields compared lo native grasslands of northeast Montana.
In a novel approach, Natalie Boelman, an ecologist at Columbia's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, and her colleagues set out microphones in the foothills of Alaska's Brooks Range to eavesdrop on two particular species that fly in each spring to mate and raise their young: white-crowned sparrows and Lapland longspurs
Master's student Hannah Carey is studying whether infrastructure or noise influences habitat selection and survival of fledgling chestnut-collared longspurs
by placing tiny radio-telemetry transmitters on nestlings just before they leave the nest.
Participants will caravan along country roads throughout Kane County, looking for snow buntings, horned larks, Lapland longspurs
and rough-legged hawks.
Deaderick (1941:209) credited Audubon as being the first to report 50 species of birds from Arkansas, but ignored the Iowa bunting, stating that "several others cannot be placed definitely." Durant and Harwood (1980:180) speculated that Audubon was perhaps referring to dickcissels (Spiza americana) or one of the longspurs
or snow buntings (Plectrophenax nivalis), but these species typically do not occur in Arkansas in winter.
Evidence of a second brood, after successful raising of the first, has not been documented unequivocally in four of those species: Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris (Beason, 1995), American Pipit Anthus rubescens (Hendricks and Verbeek, 2012), Lapland Longspur
Calcarius lapponicus (Hussell and Montgomerie, 2002), and Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis (Montgomerie and Lyon, 2011), although two cases of second broods produced by unmarked females were suspected in a seven-year study of Lapland Longspurs
at 71.3[degrees]N in Alaska (Custer and Pitelka, 1977).
There may be a lesser black-backed gull standing on the shore amongst the greater black-backeds; a little gull may have joined a flock of Bonaparte's; there may be some Lapland longspurs
mixed in with flocks of homed larks.
The late Fran McMenemy, my mentor and patriarchal field trip leader of Worcester's Forbush Bird Club, each winter would hope to see flocks of little snow buntings, horned larks and Lapland longspurs
migrating from their breeding grounds up north to Worcester Airport, which resembles their vast, flat tundra home.
Flocks of longspurs
slipping down the continent by night.
In one case, an estimated 1.5 million Lapland Longspurs
died during a March 1904 storm in Minnesota and Iowa.
The prairie horned lark, lark bunting, bobolink, meadow lark, dickcissel, and longspurs
sing while flying because there are no tree perches (Madson, 1995).
perished at a 420-foot-high tower in a January blizzard.