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A circular or horseshoe-shaped structure of ciliated tentacles located around the mouth of brachiopods, bryozoans, and phoronids that is used to gather food.

[Greek lophos, crest of a helmet + -phore.]

lo·phoph′o·rate′ (lə-fŏf′ə-rāt′) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Zoology) a circle or horseshoe of ciliated tentacles surrounding the mouth and used for the capture of food in minute sessile animals of the phyla Brachiopoda, Phoronida, and Ectoprocta
ˌlophoˈphorate adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈlɒf əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr, ˈloʊ fə-)

the ciliated food-gathering structure near the mouth of a bryozoan or brachiopod.
[1840–50; < Greek lóph(os) crest, ridge + -o- + -phore]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Budd, "The Scleritome of Eccentrotheca from the Lower Cambrian of South Australia: Lophophorate Affinities and Implications for Tommotiid Phylogeny," Geology 36 (2008): 171-4; C.
We also found a high diversity in polychaete larvae and the occurrence of lophophorate larvae.
Lophotrochozoan phylogeny assessed with LSU and SSU data: evidence of lophophorate polyphyly.
In modern oceans lophophorate worms are represented by non-biomineralizing phoronids which dwell in mucus tubes (Emig 1982).
Recent phylogenetic analyses using molecular sequence data concur that lophophorates belong within the lophotrochozoan clade (Aguinaldo et al., 1997; Aguinaldo and Lake, 1998; Peterson and Eernisse, 2001; Bourlat et al., 2008), and it seems to us that the case of Owenia obviates any apparent conundrum posed by deuterostome-like traits of lophophorate embryos.
Multigene analysis of lophophorate and chaetognath phylogenetic relationships.
Among echinoderm, hemi-chordate, and lophophorate larvae, substantial increases in clearance rates are effected exclusively by increasing the length of the ciliary band per unit body volume (Strathmann, 1971; Hart, 1991).
Inferences from DNA sequence data place these lophophorate phyla in a different clade of bilaterians, the lophotrochozoa (Halanych, 2004).
For example, phoronids are not colonial, but these lophophorate suspension feeders can live in very dense aggregations (up to 20,000 [m.sup.-2]) (Johnson, 1997).