The beloved muse in the love lyric
has a lengthy tradition, from Sappho through to William Shakespeare and John Donne.
For Kay, both Dante and Guittone use "impasse" (116) productively within their work: through his conversion, Guittone actively asserts the existence of a fundamental impasse between rationality, a correctly oriented spiritual desire, and love lyric
as it has existed in both Occitan and Italian until that point.
Vincent Fang and His Defamiliarization in Popular Love Lyric
A love lyric
, Heine's poem is along the Romantic tradition of return to nature.
I will argue that it is Burns's combining of the qualities of the love song and love lyric
which Clare most successfully assimilates in his later verse.
Indeed it has been a long time since Dronke belied the notion of a purely secular genesis of the courtly love lyric
In contrast to the traditional love lyric
, this beloved is plural: the first line reads, "Beloveds, we wake in the morning to darkness and watch it turn into lightness with hope." Readers of Spahr's memoir will be aware of the biographical basis for this plural in Spahr's involvement in a romantic threesome during her years in Hawai'i.
While the passionately composed love lyric
was an important feature of wooing in olden times, today's men are more inclined to use their mobiles to dash off a text (21 per cent) or an emailed message (11 per cent) to their loved one, according to the Lindt Lindor Code of Modern Chivalry report.
Matters become all the more 'inconclusive' as it emerges from Sampson's learned discussion that pastoral is not just one of three neatly distinguishable genres, as textbooks would have us believe, but one of a whole array of competing and overlapping genres-drammi mescidati, tragedy, comedy (erudita, grave, dell' arte,) tragicomedy, melodrama, closet drama, rustic plays, pastoral (and piscatorial) eclogues, epithalamium, etc., not to mention Petrarchan love lyric
, epic, and romance-of all of which, at one time or another, the pastoral partakes.
As the unrequited love lyric
unfolds over the cool groove, the similarity deepens.
Recent criticaldiscussions of the poem include Fein, "Compilation and Purpose," especially 72-73, 83-85, and John Scattergood, "The Love Lyric
Before Chaucer," in Duncan, Companion, 39-67, esp.
More specifically, Pietroiusti proposes that Loy's fragmentation of the love lyric
in Songs to Joannes (1917) constitutes a self-conscious attempt to develop a poetry that confounds traditional, 'linear' strategies of reading.