The study found that women who gave birth in the CNM-friendly states were 13% less likely to have a c-section, 13% less likely to have a preterm birth, and 11% less likely to have a low-birth-weight baby
. This supports earlier research finding that, compared to midwives, obstetricians are more likely to intervene unnecessarily (i.e., with c-sections or labor induction), with increased health risks for women and infants.
Women exposed to intimate partner violence are more likely than other women to have an induced abortion or a low-birth-weight baby
and to experience depression.
Black women's risks of having a low-birth-weight baby
and a preterm birth, but not of experiencing an infant death, are positively related to the proportion of their county's residents who are black; among Hispanics, by contrast, "ethnic density" has some negative associations with infant mortality and low-birth-weight risk.
What is the ideal method of delivery for an extremely low-birth-weight baby
where there is no obstetric indication (such as placental dysfunction) and the singleton fetus is in a cephalic presentation?
The study showed that women who had seizures during pregnancy had a 1.36-fold greater risk of having a low-birth-weight baby
(weighing less than 2,500 grams), a 1.63-fold increased risk of giving birth pre-term (before 37 weeks) and a 1.37-fold increased risk of having a baby who was small for gestational age (having a birth weight below the 10th percentile for age) when compared to women without epilepsy.
(2) A five-year study conducted at the University of North Carolina states that pregnant women with mild to severe periodontal disease are seven times more likely to deliver a premature low-birth-weight baby
. (1) Periodontal disease releases toxins into the mother's bloodstream, and this has the potential to prematurely trigger cytokines and prostaglandin.
That increased to 41/100,000 years among women with one pregnancy and preeclampsia, and it increased to 108/100,000 years in those who also had a low-birth-weight baby
Eleven per cent of women had a low-birth-weight baby
, comparing well with the Gauteng provincial rate of 18%4 and level 2 hospital rate of 19.2% (Kalafong Hospital Neonatal Statistics, January--December 2006--unpublished).
PREGNANT women who drink a few cups of coffee a day are not at increased risk of premature birth or having a low-birth-weight baby
, scientists report yesterday.
Still, only 11% knew that these women were at greater risk of having a low-birth-weight baby
, and only 22% knew that older women were more likely to have a preterm birth.
Getting dental X rays while pregnant might increase a woman's risk of giving birth to a low-birth-weight baby
, a new study suggests.
The risk of having a preterm or low-birth-weight baby
was lower among women who had used a chemical hair straightener or curler during pregnancy or within the 3 months before conceiving, indicating that confounding variables could not be controlled for (Am.