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Critical study, especially of the Bible, that attends chiefly to the words of the work being examined, exploring their meaning and seeking to establish an accurate text.
[As against higher criticism.]
(Theology) textual criticism, esp the study of the extant manuscripts of the Scriptures in order to establish the original text. Compare higher criticism
low′er crit′icism(ˈloʊ ər)
Biblical criticism having as its purpose the reconstruction of the original texts of the books of the Bible. Also called textual criticism. Compare higher criticism.
the study of Biblical materials that intends to reconstruct their original texts in preparation for the tasks of Higher Criticism. Cf. Higher Criticism.See also: Bible