gas(redirected from lung irritant gas)
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n., pl. gas•es, n.
In British and American English, the air-like substance that burns easily and that is used for cooking and heating is called gas.
In American English, the liquid that is used as fuel for vehicles is also called gas, or gasoline.
In British English, this liquid is called petrol.
Past participle: gassed
|Noun||1.||gas - the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container|
|2.||gas - a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely|
atmosphere - the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body
argonon, inert gas, noble gas - any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of the helium group in the periodic table
atomic number 17, chlorine, Cl - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
atomic number 9, fluorine, F - a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
atomic number 1, H, hydrogen - a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
atomic number 7, N, nitrogen - a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
atomic number 8, O, oxygen - a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
butane - occurs in natural gas; used in the manufacture of rubber and fuels
propane - colorless gas found in natural gas and petroleum; used as a fuel
afterdamp - a toxic mixture of gases (including carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and nitrogen) after an explosion of firedamp in a mine
firedamp - a mixture of gases (mostly methane) that form in coal mines and become explosive when mixed with air
arsine - a poisonous colorless flammable gas used in organic synthesis and to dope transistors and as a poison gas in warfare
nitrogen dioxide - a highly poisonous brown gas (NO2)
nitric oxide - a poisonous red-brown gas (NO)
cyanogen - a colorless toxic gas with a pungent almond odor; has been used in chemical warfare
air - a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of; "air pollution"; "a smell of chemicals in the air"; "open a window and let in some air"; "I need some fresh air"
compressed gas - gas at a high pressure that can be used as a propellant
ethene, ethylene - a flammable colorless gaseous alkene; obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in manufacturing many other chemicals; sometimes used as an anesthetic
air gas, producer gas - a gas made of carbon monoxide and hydrogen and nitrogen; made by passing air over hot coke
greenhouse emission, greenhouse gas - a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation
bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas - hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
water gas - a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide with small amounts of other gases; made by blowing steam over hot coke or coal
ideal gas, perfect gas - a hypothetical gas with molecules of negligible size that exert no intermolecular forces
inhalant - something that is inhaled
fluid - continuous amorphous matter that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas
methane - a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
ozone - a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere (where it acts as a screen for ultraviolet radiation)
phosgene - a colorless poisonous gas that smells like new-mown hay; used in chemical warfare
phosphine - a colorless gas with a strong fishy smell; used as a pesticide
poison gas - a gas that is poisonous to breath or contact; used in chemical warfare
mephitis - a poisonous or foul smelling gas emitted from the earth
sewer gas - foul-smelling gas that forms in sewers
sublimate - the product of vaporization of a solid
sulfur dioxide, sulphur dioxide - a colorless toxic gas (SO2) that occurs in the gases from volcanoes; used in many manufacturing processes and present in industrial emissions; causes acid rain
|3.||gas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines|
gasohol - a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
leaded gasoline, leaded petrol - gasoline treated with a lead compound to reduce motor knocks; "combustion of leaded gasoline released lead into the air where it could cause lead poisoning"
fuel - a substance that can be consumed to produce energy; "more fuel is needed during the winter months"; "they developed alternative fuels for aircraft"
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
napalm - gasoline jelled with aluminum soaps; highly incendiary liquid used in fire bombs and flamethrowers
|4.||gas - a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal|
|5.||gas - a pedal that controls the throttle valve; "he stepped on the gas"|
aeroplane, airplane, plane - an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets; "the flight was delayed due to trouble with the airplane"
auto, automobile, car, motorcar, machine - a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; "he needs a car to get to work"
|6.||gas - a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes|
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
methane - a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
|Verb||1.||gas - attack with gas; subject to gas fumes; "The despot gassed the rebellious tribes"|
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"
teargas - attack with teargas; subject to teargas fumes; "The students were teargassed during the riot"
|2.||gas - show off |
puff - speak in a blustering or scornful manner; "A puffing kind of man"
exaggerate, hyperbolise, hyperbolize, overstate, amplify, magnify, overdraw - to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth; "tended to romanticize and exaggerate this `gracious Old South' imagery"
to step on the gas → acelerar, pisar el acelerador
gas bracket N → brazo m de lámpara de gas
gas burner N → mechero m de gas
gas can N (US) → bidón m de gasolina
gas canister N = gas cylinder gas chamber N → cámara f de gas
gas cooker N → cocina f de or a gas
gas cylinder N → bombona f de gas
gas fire N → estufa f de gas
gas fitter N → fontanero m (especializado en lo relacionado con el gas)
gas fittings NPL → instalación fsing de gas
gas guzzler N → chupagasolina m inv vehículo que consume mucha gasolina
gas heater N = gas fire gas jet N → llama f de mechero de gas
gas leak N → escape m de gas
gas lighter N → encendedor m de gas
gas lighting N → alumbrado m de gas
gas main N → cañería f maestra de gas
gas mantle N → manguito m incandescente
gas mask N → careta f antigás
gas meter N → contador m de gas, medidor m de gas (LAm)
gas oil N → gasóleo m
gas oven N → cocina f de or a gas
gas pedal N (esp US) → acelerador m
gas pipe N → tubo m de gas
gas pipeline N → gasoducto m
gas pump N (US) (in car) → bomba f de gasolina; (in gas station) → surtidor m de gasolina
gas ring N → fuego m de gas
gas station N (US) → gasolinera f, estación f de servicio, bencinera f (Chile), grifo m (Peru)
gas stove N → cocina f de or a gas
gas tank N (US) (Aut) → tanque m or depósito m (de gasolina)
gas tap N → llave f del gas
gas turbine N → turbina f de gas
gas worker N → trabajador(a) m/f de la compañía de gas
gasin cpds → Gas-;
to gas o.s. → asfissiarsi, suicidarsi col gas
gas→ غَاز plyn gas Gas αέριο gas kaasu gaz plin gas ガス 가스 gas gass gaz gás газ gas แก๊ซ gaz khí ga 煤气
- Is there a gas station near here? (US)
Is there a petrol station near here? (UK)
- I've run out of gas (US)
I've run out of petrol (UK)
- The gas has run out (US)
The petrol has run out (UK)
- The gas tank is leaking (US)
The petrol tank is leaking (UK)
- Do you have a refill for my gas lighter?
- Where's the gas meter? (US)
Where is the gas meter? (UK)
- I can smell gas