macromolecule

(redirected from Macromolecules)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

mac·ro·mol·e·cule

 (măk′rō-mŏl′ĭ-kyo͞ol′)
n.
A very large molecule, such as a polymer or protein, consisting of many smaller structural units linked together. Also called supermolecule.

mac′ro·mo·lec′u·lar (-mə-lĕk′yə-lər) adj.

macromolecule

(ˌmækrəʊˈmɒlɪˌkjuːl) or

macromole

n
(Chemistry) any very large molecule, such as a protein or synthetic polymer
macromolecular adj

mac•ro•mol•e•cule

(ˌmæk rəˈmɒl əˌkyul)

n.
a very large molecule, as a colloidal particle, protein, or esp. a polymer, composed of hundreds or thousands of atoms.
[1885–90]

mac·ro·mol·e·cule

(măk′rō-mŏl′ĭ-kyo͞ol′)
A large molecule, such as a protein, consisting of many smaller molecules linked together.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.macromolecule - any very large complex moleculemacromolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
molecule - (physics and chemistry) the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
lipid, lipide, lipoid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
Translations

macromolecule

[ˌmækrəʊˈmɒlɪˌkjuːl] nmacromolecola

mac·ro·mol·e·cule

n. macromolécula, molécula de tamaño grande tal como la de una proteína.
References in periodicals archive ?
Crystallography is the most unambiguous method for determining structures of small molecules and macromolecules and single-crystal X-ray diffraction provides accurate and precise measurements of molecular dimensions in a way that no other science can begin to approach.
Here, we propose new detection systems combining use of functionalised macromolecules and development of sensor devices by novel micro-fabrication tools as well as training and career development of prospective researcher up to mature Senior Scientist level.
5), and "Recent Advances in Polymers & Macromolecules in Polymers" (Oct.
The full research paper, Cooperative Orthogonal Macromolecular Assemblies with Broad Spectrum Antiviral Activity, High Selectivity, and Resistance Mitigation, was recently published in the peer-reviewed journal Macromolecules.
The first objective in this Semiconductor Research Corporation-funded research is the synthesis of POSS-based macromolecules with both vinyl and benzocyclobutenyl functional groups.
Chan, Chia, and Thomas offer a research volume on physical chemistry of macromolecules with a focus on polymer thermodynamics in two parts.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Light-gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics, according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis published today in the journal Nature Communications.
They cover configuration and conformation of macromolecules in polymer crystals, the packing of macromolecules in polymer crystals, determining crystal structure from X-ray diffraction, defects and disorder in polymer crystals, analyzing diffuse scattering from disordered structures of polymers, crystal habits, and the influence of crystal defects and structural disorder on the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric materials.
They then measured how the designed macromolecules compete with the virus to bind to the dendritic cells of the immune system at different concentrations.
The patent, named 'Polymer Microspheres/Nanospheres and Encapsulating Therapeutic Proteins Therein' covers the firm's oral delivery nanotechnology, aimed at improving the oral bioavailability of macromolecules such as insulin.
The scientists began with a "hydrogel" or a meshwork consisting of macromolecules.