Mineral disequilibrium in lavas explained by convective self-mixing in open magma chambers
Enter WHOI geophysicist Rob Sohn, who has spent his career studying hydrothermal vents that typically form over magma chambers
beneath the seafloor.
Magmatic textures provide an insufficiently explored tool to interpret physical processes and environmental variables that drive differentiation and crystallization in magma chambers
(Spillar and Dolejz, 2013).
The collapse may have been caused by the vertical inflation of deeper magma chambers
that fed the volcanoes.
91 kbar and 784[degrees]C-823[degrees]C, representing conditions within deep and shallow magma chambers
Volcanoes are vents that allow molten rock, debris, and gases to be released from the magma chambers
Mungall and colleagues conducted an experiment mimicking how sulfide minerals act in magma chambers
2014) Supervolcano eruptions driven by melt buoyancy in large silicic magma chambers
1980): Vesiculation of mafic magma during replenishment of silicic magma chambers
He analyzed gases that were trapped by minerals crystallizing in the magma chambers
, and applied a novel method that involves using the high-energy radiation from the German Electron Synchrotron in Hamburg to detect trace elements, including bromine.
An international research team led by scientists from the University of Leeds examined magma chambers
in Afar, Ethiopia, and Iceland.
The rocks date back as much as 2,500 million years and were formed in the deep-seated magma chambers
far below active volcanoes.