ENPNewswire-July 31, 2019--Airbus brings a SMILE to ESA; European-Chinese satellite will study the interaction between the solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere
Other ESA missions, built by Airbus, such as Cluster which studied the Earths magnetosphere
, and SOHO which studied the Sun, have already improved understanding of space weather.
She returned to the University of Leicester in 2011 as a Research Associate, working on the European Union ECLAT project and was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship in 2014 for a project entitled Rough Winds do Shake the Magnetosphere
Auroras are produced by glowing oxygen and nitrogen atoms in Earth's upper atmosphere, excited by charged particles streaming in from the near-Earth magnetic environment called the magnetosphere
. Scientists didn't know if STEVE was a kind of aurora, but a 2018 study found its glow is not due to charged particles raining down into Earth's upper atmosphere.
On Jupiter, the electrons producing auroras come from the magnetosphere
, a layer of plasma and magnetic field surrounding the planet.
It was the first satellite dedicated to observing the magnetosphere
of the Earth and producing global images of plasma in the inner magnetosphere
SHIELDS Space Weather Platform predicts space weather before it can have an effect on satellites, serving as an effective line of defense for communication, navigation and scientific satellites orbiting the Earths magnetosphere
. SHIELDS--Space Hazards Induced near Earth by Large, Dynamic Storms--employs multiscale modeling and assimilates satellite observational data to achieve an unprecedented specification of the near-earth space environment.
PolarNOX was to be followed with the launch of two additional missions that will study the interaction of the solar wind, the magnetosphere
, Earth's upper atmosphere and the structure of the resulting aurora.
Space scientists at US universities and national laboratories explore conditions on the Sun and in the solar wind, magnetosphere
, ionosphere, and thermosphere that can influence the performance and reliability of space-born and ground-based technological systems, and can endanger human life or health.
Juno is the first mission dedicated to the study of the planet's interior to learn more about its origins, structure, atmosphere and magnetosphere
. Aerojet Rocketdyne provided 26 propulsion devices and six pressurant tanks aboard the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket during its 2011 launch, as well as 12 propulsion devices on the spacecraft during its five-year journey through space.
Additionally, we will probe the structure of the full magnetosphere
and will also study how it varies with time.
Strong winds in particular, can interfere with Jupiter's magnetic field -- or magnetosphere
. The study found that these collisions are behind Jupiter's high-energy X-ray Northern Lights, which span over an area bigger than the Earth's surface.