maharajah


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ma·ha·ra·ja

or ma·ha·ra·jah  (mä′hə-rä′jə, -zhə)
n.
1. A king or prince in India ranking above a raja, especially the sovereign of one of the former native states.
2. Used as a title for such a king or prince.

[Sanskrit mahārājaḥ : mahā-, great; see meg- in Indo-European roots + rājaḥ, king (variant of rājā, king; see reg- in Indo-European roots).]
Word History: The Sanskrit word mahārājaḥ, the source of our word maharaja, means "great king." The first element in this word, mahā- means "great," and it is related to Greek mega- and Latin magnus, both meaning the same thing as the Sanskrit. All three forms derive from Indo-European *meg-, "great." This root became *mik- in Germanic, where an adjective, *mikila-, "great," was formed from it. This became micel, pronounced (mĭ′chəl), in Old English. The Old English word survives today in much, shortened from Middle English muchel. In Old Norse, *mikila- became mikill, and in the north of England, the Norse word and a variant of the Old English word micel combined to give us the word mickle, nowadays most often heard in the expression (used by both William Shakespeare and Edmund Spenser) mickle might, "much strength."

maharajah

(ˌmɑːhəˈrɑːdʒə) or

maharaja

n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any of various Indian princes, esp any of the rulers of the former native states
[C17: Hindi, from mahā great + rajah]

ma•ha•ra•jah

or ma•ha•ra•ja

(ˌmɑ həˈrɑ dʒə, -ʒə)

n., pl. -jahs or -jas.
a former ruling prince in India, esp. of one of the major states.
[1690–1700; < Hindi mahā- greatmeg- + rājā rajah]

maharajah

A Hindi word meaning great king, used to mean a ruler in India, especially one of the princes in the past.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.maharajah - a great rajamaharajah - a great raja; a Hindu prince or king in India ranking above a raja
prince - a male member of a royal family other than the sovereign (especially the son of a sovereign)
Translations

maharajah

[ˌmɑːhəˈrɑːdʒə] Nmaharajá m

maharajah

nMaharadscha m

maharajah

maharaja [ˌmɑːhəˈrɑːdʒə] nmaragià m inv
References in classic literature ?
That is to say, he held more real power than his master the Maharajah.
When he returned to India there was a blaze of glory, for the Viceroy himself made a special visit to confer upon the Maharajah the Grand Cross of the Star of India--all diamonds and ribbons and enamel; and at the same ceremony, while the cannon boomed, Purun Dass was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire; so that his name stood Sir Purun Dass, K.C.I.E.
Rich Americans, rich Maharajahs, rich people of every nation come to my uncle's hotel.
Maharajah Ranjit Singh thought very highly of him and he was soon made the Governor of Lahore.
WINDSOR: 2.10 Golden Force, 2.45 Grisons, 3.15 True Hero, 3.50 Vasiliev, 4.25 Pytilia, 5.00 Tiar Na Nog, 5.35 Le Maharajah.
Fakir Khana Museum has also launched 180 limited edition bust sculptures of Maharajah Ranjit Singh for art connoisseurs and those interested in the history of Punjab.
The cast includes a beautiful daughter of a Maharajah (Pallavi Sharda, on the left), John's womanising younger brother (Leo Suter) and a dangerous but dashing French general (Gregory Fitoussi, centre).
The specific practice is said to have begun in the year 1872 by Maharajah Gulab Singh and formally initiated by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh who took the Durbar (Royal Court) to Kashmir for the six months of summer in 1883 in order to escape the sweltering heat of Jammu.
TOMORROW, BBC4, 9PM The Stolen Maharajah: Britain's Indian Royal Documentary about the last Maharajah of the Punjab, who was wrenched from his mother's arms as a child in the 1840s and put into the care of an official of the British Empire.
At the time, it was probably the only place in the world where a British Viceroy could rub shoulders with an Indian Maharajah. Predating the Gateway of India by almost two decades, it was the Taj that welcomed the world to the city's shores.
Air India with its familiar Maharajah mascot flies to more than 100 destinations.