As well as presenting the Ashmolean's holdings of Italian maiolica
, this catalogue also looks at how Italian ceramicists and pottery painters took a technique from the Islamic world and created a new art form.
6), my emphasis) The reference to Bernini's masterpiece, prepared by the preceding allusions to its location (the Galleria Borghese) and sources (Ovid's Metamorphoses; in the detail of its verses engraved on Sperelli's maiolica
cups, as also on the base of Bernini's Daphne) (12)--is revealed en passant by the author's stylistic recognition of the sculpture's distinguishing element, rendering Daphne in the very moment of her transformation.
ware is characterized by low fire high iron content red clay.
The stars of the show include a delightful set of knives with musical notation on the blades, enabling the diners to sing the grace and benediction in four parts; a charmingly squat maiolica
Madonna with a lemon-pip breast, feeding an ungainly Child; Fra Angelico's exquisite pen and ink Dead Christ; a fragment of a late 16th century ivory Christ Crucified; and wall of ex voto images of miraculous recoveries and escapes from danger.
Today's buyers of Grand Tour souvenirs should watch out for micro-mosaic panels and jewellery made up of small fragments of coloured stone, clay or glass; Italian carved shell cameos, of which Florence was an important centre; Italian maiolica
pottery; prints of Italian landscapes and topographical subjects; Sienna marble temple models from the Roman Forum; travelling trunks and other fitted luggage; books and maps; bronzes and paintings by lesser English artists, not forgetting Lot 1642.
The majority were in terracotta and maiolica
, but other materials were also represented, such as plaster (Swimmer Who Exits from the Water), stone (Leda and the Swan), marble (Swimmer's Dive), bronze and wood (Head of Medusa).
Faience is the term for tin-glazed pottery produced in France, Germany and Scandinavia, the name deriving from the Italian town of Faenza, although, rather confusingly, the Italian version itself is called maiolica
The Art of Collecting exhibits one hundred of the ROM's best examples of European and American decorative art, from rare maiolica
to Art Deco silver.
Xanto Avelli worked in maiolica
, earthenware made on a wheel.
The exhibits also include, a rare Maiolica
Albarello dating back to 16th century Italy with the portrait of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), a magnificent royal casket mounted with Lapis Lazuli and set with gold and diamonds from England dating back to the 19th century, a fine gem set jade box from India and a fine intact Kashan lustre star tile with Mangol figures suggesting impact of the Mangol invasion on Iran.
The richly coloured, lustrous, tin-based Maiolica
glaze is painted by hand to create each unique flower head.
Instead, he installed most of the paintings, sculpture and furniture in his art museum, and scattered the metalwork, maiolica
, timepieces, wax miniatures and carved gems throughout Ca'd'Zan.