Even jobs that economists might deride as make-work
can yield meaning, self-respect and social status.
This counter-productivity can be best understood by considering three different forms of dysfunction; (1) "make-work
," (2) "passive-aggressive information-withholding," and (3) "the cow path." Individually, these dysfunctions can interfere with the productive functioning of a group and undermine its integration.
Painted in oil over a photo printed directly onto the canvas, the anonymous effort is a striking make-work
image of a make-work
Doing so would not only provide the cost and security improvements associated with consolidation of special nuclear material, k would also, in all likelihood, make it easier to reduce the number of weapons scientists employed by the complex--and therefore the amount of federal money for "make-work
" designed solely to keep those scientists busy.
If it's make-work
schemes and giveaways, get ready for a hard landing.
"A hurricane is a God-given make-work
project," says Woodward.
Women work at not rebelling against the officer who demands make-work
and elevates her or his own work as valuable because it officially sanctions control over other, criminalized, human beings.
Instead money was provided for training and make-work
projects so the displaced fishery workers could qualify for employment insurance benefits for the winter, and the new Quebec government of Jean Charest promised three weeks of aid and agreed to pay the interest on the Coasters' fishing boat loans.
I confess I also thought that some SANs were make-work
projects, but the reports I hear now suggest that today's SANs do what they're supposed to do and that the vendors involved are--at least within partnership arrangements--sharing their growing expertise with one another.
The piece de resistance in this make-work
vein was Jim Hodges' No Betweens, 1996, a 30-foot diaphanous curtain of artificial silk flowers that hung, floor to ceiling, in the middle of a large gallery.
We don't need phony "make-work
" jobs, and the public purse can't stand the pressure of paying for them.
There's a high unemployment rate in some parts, a lot of seasonal work, a lot of make-work