Sims struck down malapportioned
state legislative districts, and Wesberry v.
Prior to the 1960s, many state legislatures and congressional districts were badly malapportioned
; within a state they varied widely in population.
Voters in Mississippi filed suit, objecting to a gerrymandered and malapportioned
Legislatures were grossly gerrymandered and malapportioned
. McCarthyism stifled dissent, and the jurisdiction of the censor over matters deemed obscene or libelous had no constitutional limits.
explained that malapportioned
legislative districts deprive citizens in
State legislatures were characterized by malapportioned
representation until Baker v.
Macdonald, Rethinking Article II, Section 1 and Its Twelfth Amendment Restatement: Challenging Our Nation's Malapportioned
, Undemocratic Presidential Election Systems, 77 MARQ.
legislative districts that were malapportioned
to over-represent rural
Because there are almost twenty times more municipalities than there are cities, the funds are malapportioned
. Basic changes to the apportionment formula based on the number and types of LGUs can lead to an improvement in the income gap between rural and urban LGUs.
Senate is malapportioned
. The American political process at all levels is corrupted by money, interest groups, public ignorance and apathy, and inherent limitations of representative democracy, in which people vote for persons rather than policies" (p.
(320) Nor would this be a benign preeminence: Because the Senate would be malapportioned
and relatively remote from the people, it would have little "sympathy" with them or knowledge about them.
Another factor is that the House is malapportioned
since each state is entitled to one member even though a perfectly proportional formula would assign less than one member to the smallest states.