If any election is conducted on the basis of provision causing malapportionment
, debasement and disparity, [it] would be a serious violation of Articles 9, 17, 25 and 218 (3) of the Constitution and would be against the spirit of democracy and contrary to the provisions of Elections Act, 2017,' according to the petitioners.
54) The predictable outcome under the standard was that a partisan gerrymander, at least of the common variety, could never satisfy the Bandemer standard short of the historically extreme malapportionment
preceding the one person, one vote rule.
How to Win a Lost Election: Malapportionment
and Malaysia's 2013 General Election".
At the aggregate level, an adaptation of the strategy for measuring of malapportionment
designed by David Samuels and Richard Snyder (2001; cf.
44) But today--with the pent-up malapportionment
This is an especially important point when malapportionment
over represents some jurisdictions.
, Gerrymandering, and Party Fortunes in Congressional Elections, 66 Am.
The major objections to communism--lack of incentive, improvident procreation, malapportionment
of labor--are largely swept aside.
64) Giving Congress the power to regulate or override electoral law would enable it to prevent (or counteract) malapportionment
and gerrymandering of congressional districts.
The last general election, in 2013, was criticised for many irregularities: flawed voter lists, gags on the media, the malapportionment
of seats in Parliament and state legislatures.
This rural effect is further amplified by the malapportionment
of voters between rural and urban constituencies.
92) To date, the 1976 malapportionment
decision is one of only nine cases in which the JSC has ever held a law unconstitutional, and it remains the most momentous decision rendered by the court since its establishment in 1947.