This connection is made by the discomalleolar and the anterior malleolar
ligaments that attach to the malleus of the ossicular chain in its anterior process and create a biomechanical connection between the middle ear and the mandibule.
Comparative study of functional bracing and plaster cast treatment of stable lateral malleolar
The Bledsoe boot is a fixed-ankle, removable cast that can be used for tendonitis, fibular shaft fractures, nondisplaced lateral malleolar
fractures, and metatarsal shaft fractures.
Usually he wears MAFOs (malleolar
ankle foot orthoses), which give him much-needed stability.
Stella, "Closed medial malleolar
multifragment fracture with a posterior tibialis tendon rupture: a case report and review of the literature," Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol.
fractures are one of the most common lower extremity fractures in orthopaedic traumatology.
If a medial malleolar
fracture was present, anesthesiologists were given the option of providing a saphenous block as well.
In two studies, swelling was considered to be a sine qua non of fracture.[7,8] One study found that a bimalleolar ratio of less than 1.065 effectively ruled out fracture. In another study, however, 11% of malleolar
fractures manifested no swelling. In a third study, the probability of a fracture was higher in the group of patients without swelling than in the total study population. Only four of these studies were limited to inversion ankle injuries.[1,3,7,11]
Toh, "Tibialis posterior tendon rupture associated with a closed medial malleolar
fracture: a case report and review of the literature, " Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol.
* Anteromedial: This approach may be extended from a limited capsulotomy to a wide exposure with malleolar
The second is replacement of the superior articulation with hemiarthroplasties of the medial and lateral malleolar
fractures: nonoperative versus operative treatment.