The agreement allows BASF to further develop a new class of high performance automotive coatings based on Sirrus's proprietary methylene malonate
The team identified two more primitive processes or non-biological cycles-called the HKG cycle and the malonate
cycle- that could have come together to start life.
Behavior tests on triple sugar-iron agar, tube motility, indole production, acid production from glucose, fermentation of sugars, nitrate reduction, gelatinase production, urease production, citrate and malonate
degradation, and other differentials were performed for suspected Enterobacteriaceae, according to the microorganism involved.
an acryloyl, the acceptor), acidic C-H bonds (as present in aceto-acetate and malonate
moieties, the donor), and a base catalyst strong enough to abstract the proton of this C-H bond yielding a nucleophilic carbanion that can add to the double bond.
TEMPO-substituted dimethyl malonate
and diethyl malonate
subjected to the domino process af-fording the target products in almost quantitative yields (33 and 34).
Biochemical characterization of strain B14 Characteristic Strain B14 Colony pigmentation Creamy Motility Utilization of: + Lactose + Xylose + Maltose + Fructose + Dextrose + Galactose + Raffinose + Trihalose + Melobiose + Sucrose + L-arabinose + Mannose - Inulin + Sodium gluconate + Glycerol + Salicin - Dulcitol - Inositol - Sorbitol - Mannitol + Adonitol - Arabitol - Erythritol - a-methyl-D-glucoside - Rhamnose - Cellobiose + Melezitose + a-methyl-D-mannoside - Xylitol - D-arabinose + Citrate - Malonate
- Sorbose - ONPG hydrolysis + Esculin hydrolysis + Table 2.
The AM treatment regimen comprising: cleansing an area of skin afflicted with rosacea with an antimicrobial or antibiotic cleanser; applying a moisturizing composition that contains Cu/Zn malonate
complex; applying an anti-redness composition to the cleansed and Cu/Zn malonate
-treated area; and applying to the cleansed and Cu/Zn malonate
-treated area a protective composition, wherein the protective composition comprises a sunscreen.
Its leading target monomer, diethyl methylene malonate
, or DEMM, together with its derivatives, or MM-D, can be used in a variety of applications where customers in a range of markets value faster cure times, lower solvent usage and are faced with legislation restricting the use of incumbent formulation components.
Biochemical tests showed that the strain grew on media supplemented with sucrose, lactose, sorbitol, maltose, mannitol and malonate
, but did not grew on media supplemented with inositol.
Laccase enzyme was assayed by monitoring 2, 2 azinobis 3-ethyl-benzthiazoline 6 sulphonate (ABTS) oxidation in 50mM sodium malonate
buffer at 420 nm (Wolfendon and Wilson, 1982).
2]S production - Indole production - Hydrolysis ONPG + Esculin + Arginine nr Glucose oxidation + Acid production Sucrose + Inositol + Glucose + Raffinose + Mannitol + Sorbitol + Raffinose + Lactose + Maltose + Xylose + Ramnose + Malonate
+ Adonitol - Deamination Ornithine - Lysine + Citrate + Descarboxilation Arginine - pH change from acetamide - Fermentation on 2,4,4-trichloro-2-hydroxy- - diphenyllether Growth in presence of Polymrxma B - Urease + Triple-agar sugar iron + Table 4.
All organisms including gram positive and gram negative bacteria were subjected to a battery of tests as follows: Gram staining for morphology, hanging drop for motility, capsular staining using Congo red, for production of enzymes-Oxidase, Catalase, Nitrate reduction, Urease, for substrate utilization-Citrate utilization test, Malonate
utilization, for metabolism of proteins and amino acids- Indole production, tests for specific breakdown products-Methyl red test, Voges-Proskauer (Acetoin production), tests for utilisation of carbohydrates of sugar media containing Glucose, Lactose, Xylose, Sucrose, Maltose, Mannitol.