Additionally, abnormalities were found in the hippocampus, subiculum, entorhinal cortex, septal nuclei, mamillary
body, selected nuclei of the amygdala, neocerebellar cortex, roof nuclei of the cerebellum, and inferior olivary nucleus (Bauman & Kemper, 2005).
The L2 left superior articular facet was more medially oriented than the right facet, and both superior articular facets were associated with prominent mamillary
In grade 2, the mamillary
bodies reach the incisural line and in grade 3 they descend below the incisural line (see Figures 2(a)-2(c)).
Parlak," Morphologic and volumetric analysis of amygdala, hippocampus, fornix and mamillary
body with MRI in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy," Neuroradiology, vol.
Size of mamillary
bodies in health and disease: Useful measurements in neuroradiological diagnosis of Wernicke's encephalopathy.
concluded that early failure of ETV occurred because their patient had abnormal anatomical landmarks which documented absence of mamillary
bodies, small thalamus, agenesis of anterior and posterior commissure, and complete atresia of the Sylvian aqueduct.
MRI scan revealed a T1 and T2 weighted isointense and FLAIR slight hyperintense mass lesion in Hypothalamic Tuber Cinerium region with extension of lesion into right mamillary
Brain structures such as the periaqueductal nuclei, mamillary
bodies and thalami with high metabolic requirements are especially vulnerable to thiamine deficiency.
Furthermore, with the block in position, the spinous, lamina or mamillary
processes can be contacted to rotate the vertebra opposite to the direction indicated by the cervical vertebra transverse process sensitivity.
While hyperintensity is seen in medial thalamic and periacuaductal gray matter on T2 and FLAIR sequences of cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in acute cases, atrophy in mamillary
bodies, enhanced signaling in the base of fourth ventricle, midline of cerebellum may be seen in chronic cases and contrast enhancement may occur in mamillary
bodies and inferior quadrigeminal region (4,5).
In Wernicke encephalopathy, frequently involved brain areas include the thalamus, the periaqueductal gray matter, the mamillary
bodies, the hypothalamus, and the perirolandic regions.