mandarin

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Man·da·rin

 (măn′də-rĭn)
n.
1. Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China.
2. The official national standard spoken language of China, based on the Mandarin dialect spoken in and around Beijing. Also called Guoyu, Putonghua.

[From mandarin (from its use in administration in imperial China ).]

man·da·rin

 (măn′də-rĭn)
n.
1. A member of any of the nine ranks of high public officials in the Chinese Empire.
2. A high government official or bureaucrat.
3. A member of an elite group, especially a person having influence or high status in intellectual or cultural circles.
4. A mandarin orange.
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or resembling a mandarin.
2. Marked by elaborate and refined language or literary style.

[From Spanish mandarín, from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay menteri, from Sanskrit mantrī, mantrin-, counselor, from mantraḥ, counsel; see men- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

mandarin

(ˈmændərɪn)
n
1. (Historical Terms) (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine senior grades of the bureaucracy, entered by examinations
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine senior grades of the bureaucracy, entered by examinations
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a high-ranking official whose powers are extensive and thought to be outside political control
4. a person of standing and influence, as in literary or intellectual circles
5. (Plants)
a. a small citrus tree, Citrus nobilis, cultivated for its edible fruit
b. the fruit of this tree, resembling the tangerine
[C16: from Portuguese mandarim, via Malay menteri from Sanskrit mantrin counsellor, from mantra counsel]
ˈmandarinate n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

man•da•rin

(ˈmæn də rɪn)

n.
1. (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine ranks of public officials.
2. (cap.)
a. a more or less uniform spoken form of the Chinese language based loosely on the dialect of Beijing and used by officials in late imperial China.
b. the group of related Chinese dialects, including Mandarin and the modern standard language, spoken in SW, central, and N China and in Manchuria.
3.
a. a small spiny Chinese citrus tree, Citrus reticulata, bearing flattish orange-yellow to deep orange loose-skinned fruit.
b. this fruit, some hybrid varieties of which are called tangerines.
4. an influential or powerful government official or bureaucrat.
5. a member of an elite or powerful group or class.
adj.
6. of or pertaining to a mandarin or mandarins.
7. elegantly refined, as in language or taste.
[1580–90; < Portuguese mandarim, < Malay məntəri « Skt mantrin councilor]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mandarin - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removedmandarin - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia
mandarin orange, mandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of China
genus Citrus - orange; lemon; lime; etc.
citrus tree, citrus - any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
tangerine, tangerine tree - a variety of mandarin orange
clementine, clementine tree - a variety of mandarin orange that is grown around the Mediterranean and in South Africa
satsuma, satsuma tree - a variety of mandarin orange
2.mandarin - a member of an elite intellectual or cultural groupmandarin - a member of an elite intellectual or cultural group
elitist - someone who believes in rule by an elite group
3.mandarin - any high government official or bureaucratmandarin - any high government official or bureaucrat
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
4.mandarin - a high public official of imperial Chinamandarin - a high public official of imperial China
Chinese - a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
5.mandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of Chinamandarin - a somewhat flat reddish-orange loose skinned citrus of China
citrous fruit, citrus, citrus fruit - any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions
clementine - a mandarin orange of a deep reddish orange color and few seeds
satsuma - medium-sized largely seedless mandarin orange with thin smooth skin
tangerine - any of various deep orange mandarins grown in the United States and southern Africa
Citrus reticulata, mandarin, mandarin orange, mandarin orange tree - shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia
6.mandarin - the dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of ChinaMandarin - the dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of China
Chinese - any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
فاكِهَة المَندَرين، يوسِف إفَنْديمُوَظَّفيوسفيُوسِفِيّ
мандарин
mandarinkamandarínmandarinkovníkmandarínštinavysoký státní úředník
mandarinkinesisk
mandariinimandariinikiinavirkamiesaurinkokuningas
dužnosnikmandarina
mandarin
mandarínamandaríni
マンダリンオレンジ上級官吏蜜柑
관료
mandarinas
mandarīns
mandarijnMandarijns
mandarínmandarínkamandarínkovník
mandarin
ข้าราชการพลเรือนส้มจีน
mandalinamandarinÇin’de yüksek memur
quả quýtviên chức chính phủ

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] N
1. (= person) (lit, fig) → mandarín m
2. (also mandarin orange) → mandarina f
3. Mandarin (Ling) → mandarín m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n (= language) → mandarin m

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n
(also mandarin orange) → mandarine f
(= person) → mandarin m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

mandarin

n
(= Chinese official)Mandarin m; (= official)hoher Funktionär, Bonze m (pej)
(Ling) MandarinHochchinesisch nt
(= fruit)Mandarine f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

mandarin

[ˈmændərɪn] n
a. (person) → mandarino
b. (also mandarin orange) → mandarino
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

mandarin

(ˈmӕndərin) noun
1. (also mandarin orange) a type of small orange.
2. an official of high rank in the Chinese Empire.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

mandarin

مُوَظَّف, يُوسِفِيّ mandarinka, vysoký státní úředník mandarin Mandarin, Mandarine μανδαρίνος, μανταρίνι mandarín, mandarina mandariini, virkamies mandarin, mandarine dužnosnik, mandarina mandarino マンダリンオレンジ, 上級官吏 관료, 귤 mandarijn byråkrat, mandarin mandaryn, mandarynka mandachuva, mandarim, tangerina мандарин, чиновник mandarin ข้าราชการพลเรือน, ส้มจีน Çin’de yüksek memur, mandalina quả quýt, viên chức chính phủ 中国柑桔, 内务官员
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
But as usual with many programmes ordered by mandarines, this one is virtually dead and children are suffering.
Oranges and mandarines contributed 50% of the total contribution of fruits (Figure 1(b)).
Notables, tecnocratas y mandarines: Elementos de sociologia de las elites en Chile (1990-2010).