This edition has new chapters on choosing the right filler, fine lines and skin boosters, the deMaio technique, the mandibular angle
, poly-l-lactic acid for the decollete, and gender-specific injections, as well as fat-dissolving injections and updated videos.
Comparison between extra oral and intraoral surgical procedures for the management of mandibular angle
Changes in the mandibular angle
in the edentulous state.
Casey and Emrich reported that (8), the average mandibular angle
stayed the same throughout the time of adulthood to until at least the 7th decade of life with the exception of considerable tooth loss.
Objective: To evaluate and compare the treatment outcomes of isolated mandibular angle
fractures managed by open reduction and internal fixation using intra oral and extra oral approaches.
Custodio, "Considerations of mandibular angle
fractures during and after surgery for removal of third molars: a review of the literature," Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol.
Computed tomography (CT) scan of the maxillofacial region identified a 22 mm x 24 mm mixed (radiolucent-radiopaque), well-circumscribed, expansive lesion at the right mandibular angle
region, not involving the dentition (Figures 2(a) and 2(b)).
She also complained of swelling near the mandibular angle
region of the same side.
Results: The results showed that the differences of condylar head width (M1), condylar neck width (M3), the ratio of condylar head width to condylar anteroposterior diameter (M1/M2), the ratio of condylar head width to condylar neck width (M1/M3), the ratio of condylar height to ramus height (M8/M7), and mandibular angle
(M10) were statistically significant (p < 0.05).
Comparing observers with GS, the lowest accuracy was noted for the maximum mandibular length [0.59 (0.45-0.69), 0.64 (0.51-0.74)], the breadth of the right (0.14 (0.04-0.23), 0.14 (0.004-0.24)) and left mandibular body [0.14 (0.03-0.24), 0.16 (0.05-0.26)], and the right [0.58 (0.45-0.69), 0.63 (0.51-0.73) and left (0.59 (0.45-0.70), 0.59 (0.46-0.69)] mandibular angle
. Various measurements exhibited good sensibility for males using MS: maximum mandibular length (78.12), bicondylar breadth (78.12), left mandibular notch breadth (84.37), and the left height of the mandibular body at the mental foramen (75.00).
Skull radiograph in lateral view showed disproportionate large calvarium with hypoplastic facial bones, small mandible with small ascending ramus, and obtuse mandibular angle
with the overcrowding of teeth (Figures 2(a) and 2(b)).