During translation, the disc and condyle move under the articular eminence; the intermediate zone of the disc remains interposed between the articular eminence and mandibular condyle
It rises to form the superior portion of the jaw and unites with the mandibular condyle
. The posterior process is called the condyloid process.
CT demonstrated that a large soft-tissue mass had eroded the mandibular condyle
, zygomatic arch, and inferior anterolateral aspect of the petrous bone, with intracranial extension and compression of the temporal lobe (figure 1).
Reduction can occur spontaneously, but patients may present to the office of their family physician where relocation of the mandibular condyle
in the articular fossa can be accomplished.
Maxillary base length was measured as a linear distance in millimeters from condylion (most superior posterior point on head of mandibular condyle
) to point A (deepest midline point on the contour of pre-maxilla between anterior nasal spine and incisor tooth) whereas mandibular base lengths were measured as a linear distance in millimeters from condylion (most superior posterior point on head of mandibular condyle
) to gnathion (centre of inferior point on the mandibular symphysis).
Table I shows the means found for the mandibular condyle
in the sagittal and coronal sections of rabbits with OA induced by MIA and papain.
These etiological factors involve abnormal biomechanical forces applied to the mandibular condyle
, altering the shape and function of the articular structures [10, 11].
Although many studies have been published about the association between TMD and vertical malocclusion, none of them has paid attention to the mandibular condyle
measurements in patients with different vertical malocclusion.
Temporomandibular joint is located anterior to external auditory canal and has two articulating components: mandibular condyle
and glenoid fossa which is limited by petrotympanic fissure.
This incongruence is passed by cartilaginous articular disc which is able to move together with mandibular condyle
along the articular eminence.
Unilateral Hipoplasia of the Mandibular Condyle
or Displasia-An Usual Case Report.
All 12 SBCs were located in the mandible, nine (75%) in the mandibular body, four of them being in the mandibular symphysis and five posterior to the mandibular body, two were in the mandible ramus, and one in the left mandibular condyle
, as shown in Table 1.