gas

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gas

(găs)
n. pl. gas·es or gas·ses
1.
a. The state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by relatively low density and viscosity, relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature, the ability to diffuse readily, and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container.
b. A substance in the gaseous state.
2. Any of various mixtures of flammable gases used for lighting, heating, or cooking.
3. Gasoline.
4. The speed control of a gasoline engine. Used with the: Step on the gas.
5. A gaseous asphyxiant, irritant, or poison.
6. A gaseous anesthetic, such as nitrous oxide.
7.
a. Flatulence.
b. Flatus.
8. Slang Idle or boastful talk.
9. Slang Someone or something exceptionally exciting or entertaining: The party was a gas.
v. gassed, gas·sing, gas·es or gas·ses
v. tr.
1. To treat chemically with gas.
2. To overcome, disable, or kill with poisonous fumes.
v. intr.
1. To give off gas.
2. Slang To talk excessively.
Phrasal Verb:
gas up
To supply a vehicle with gas or gasoline: gas up a car; gassed up before the trip.

[Dutch, an occult physical principle supposed to be present in all bodies, alteration of Greek khaos, chaos, empty space, coined by Jan Baptista van Helmont (1577-1644), Flemish chemist.]

gas

(ɡæs)
n, pl gases or gasses
1. (General Physics) a substance in a physical state in which it does not resist change of shape and will expand indefinitely to fill any container. If very high pressure is applied a gas may become liquid or solid, otherwise its density tends towards that of the condensed phase. Compare liquid1, solid1
2. (General Physics) any substance that is gaseous at room temperature and atmospheric pressure
3. (General Physics) any gaseous substance that is above its critical temperature and therefore not liquefiable by pressure alone. Compare vapour2
4. (Elements & Compounds)
a. a fossil fuel in the form of a gas, used as a source of domestic and industrial heat. See also coal gas, natural gas
b. (as modifier): a gas cooker; gas fire.
5. (Pharmacology) a gaseous anaesthetic, such as nitrous oxide
6. (Mining & Quarrying) mining firedamp or the explosive mixture of firedamp and air
7. (Elements & Compounds) the usual US, Canadian, and New Zealand word for petrol See also gasoline
8. step on the gas informal
a. to increase the speed of a motor vehicle; accelerate
b. to hurry
9. (Military) a toxic or suffocating substance in suspension in air used against an enemy
10. informal idle talk or boasting
11. slang a delightful or successful person or thing: his latest record is a gas.
12. (Physiology) US an informal name for flatus
vb, gases, gasses, gassing or gassed
13. (tr) to provide or fill with gas
14. (tr) to subject to gas fumes, esp so as to asphyxiate or render unconscious
15. (General Physics) (intr) to give off gas, as in the charging of a battery
16. (Textiles) (tr) (in textiles) to singe (fabric) with a flame from a gas burner to remove unwanted fibres
17. informal (foll by: to) to talk in an idle or boastful way (to a person)
18. (tr) slang chiefly US and Canadian to thrill or delight
[C17 (coined by J. B. van Helmont (1577–1644), Flemish chemist): modification of Greek khaos atmosphere]
ˈgasless adj

gas

(gæs)

n., pl. gas•es, n.
1. a fluid substance with the ability to expand indefinitely, as opposed to a solid or a liquid.
2. any such fluid or mixture of fluids, used as a fuel, anesthetic, asphyxiating agent, etc.
3.
a. gasoline.
b. the foot-operated accelerator of an automotive vehicle.
4. flatus.
5. an explosive mixture of firedamp with air.
6. Slang.
a. empty talk.
b. a person or thing that is very entertaining or successful.
v.t.
7. to supply with gas.
8. to overcome, poison, or asphyxiate with gas or fumes.
9. to treat or impregnate with gas.
10. Slang.
a. to talk nonsense to.
b. to amuse or affect strongly.
v.i.
11. to give off gas, as a storage battery being charged.
12. Slang.
a. to indulge in idle, empty talk.
b. to become drunk (often fol. by up).
13. gas up, to fill the gasoline tank of an automobile or other vehicle.
Idioms:
step on the gas, to increase one's speed; hurry.
[1650–60; coined by J. B. van Helmont (1577–1644), Flemish chemist; suggested by Greek cháos atmosphere]

gas

(găs)
One of the three basic forms of matter, composed of molecules in constant random motion. Unlike a solid, a gas has no fixed shape and will take on the shape of the space available. Unlike a liquid, it has no fixed volume and will expand to fill the space available.

gaseous (găs′ē-əs, găsh′əs) adjective

gas

petrol
1. 'gas'

In British and American English, the air-like substance that burns easily and that is used for cooking and heating is called gas.

In American English, the liquid that is used as fuel for vehicles is also called gas, or gasoline.

I'm sorry I'm late. I had to stop for gas.
2. 'petrol'

In British English, this liquid is called petrol.

Petrol only costs 90p per gallon there.

gas


Past participle: gassed
Gerund: gassing

Imperative
gas
gas
Present
I gas
you gas
he/she/it gases/gasses
we gas
you gas
they gas
Preterite
I gassed
you gassed
he/she/it gassed
we gassed
you gassed
they gassed
Present Continuous
I am gassing
you are gassing
he/she/it is gassing
we are gassing
you are gassing
they are gassing
Present Perfect
I have gassed
you have gassed
he/she/it has gassed
we have gassed
you have gassed
they have gassed
Past Continuous
I was gassing
you were gassing
he/she/it was gassing
we were gassing
you were gassing
they were gassing
Past Perfect
I had gassed
you had gassed
he/she/it had gassed
we had gassed
you had gassed
they had gassed
Future
I will gas
you will gas
he/she/it will gas
we will gas
you will gas
they will gas
Future Perfect
I will have gassed
you will have gassed
he/she/it will have gassed
we will have gassed
you will have gassed
they will have gassed
Future Continuous
I will be gassing
you will be gassing
he/she/it will be gassing
we will be gassing
you will be gassing
they will be gassing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gassing
you have been gassing
he/she/it has been gassing
we have been gassing
you have been gassing
they have been gassing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gassing
you will have been gassing
he/she/it will have been gassing
we will have been gassing
you will have been gassing
they will have been gassing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gassing
you had been gassing
he/she/it had been gassing
we had been gassing
you had been gassing
they had been gassing
Conditional
I would gas
you would gas
he/she/it would gas
we would gas
you would gas
they would gas
Past Conditional
I would have gassed
you would have gassed
he/she/it would have gassed
we would have gassed
you would have gassed
they would have gassed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gas - the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscositygas - the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container
state of matter, state - (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container); "the solid state of water is called ice"
2.gas - a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
atmosphere - the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body
argonon, inert gas, noble gas - any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of the helium group in the periodic table
atomic number 17, chlorine, Cl - a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
atomic number 9, fluorine, F - a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
atomic number 1, H, hydrogen - a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
atomic number 7, N, nitrogen - a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
atomic number 8, O, oxygen - a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
butane - occurs in natural gas; used in the manufacture of rubber and fuels
propane - colorless gas found in natural gas and petroleum; used as a fuel
afterdamp - a toxic mixture of gases (including carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and nitrogen) after an explosion of firedamp in a mine
firedamp - a mixture of gases (mostly methane) that form in coal mines and become explosive when mixed with air
arsine - a poisonous colorless flammable gas used in organic synthesis and to dope transistors and as a poison gas in warfare
nitrogen dioxide - a highly poisonous brown gas (NO2)
nitric oxide - a poisonous red-brown gas (NO)
blow gas, blowing gas - the gas leaving a generator during a blow period
butene, butylene - any of three isomeric hydrocarbons C4H8; all used in making synthetic rubbers
cyanogen - a colorless toxic gas with a pungent almond odor; has been used in chemical warfare
exhaust, exhaust fumes, fumes - gases ejected from an engine as waste products
air - a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of; "air pollution"; "a smell of chemicals in the air"; "open a window and let in some air"; "I need some fresh air"
compressed gas - gas at a high pressure that can be used as a propellant
ethene, ethylene - a flammable colorless gaseous alkene; obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in manufacturing many other chemicals; sometimes used as an anesthetic
air gas, producer gas - a gas made of carbon monoxide and hydrogen and nitrogen; made by passing air over hot coke
formaldehyde, methanal - a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
greenhouse emission, greenhouse gas - a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation
bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas - hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
water gas - a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide with small amounts of other gases; made by blowing steam over hot coke or coal
ideal gas, perfect gas - a hypothetical gas with molecules of negligible size that exert no intermolecular forces
inhalant - something that is inhaled
fluid - continuous amorphous matter that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas
methane - a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
ozone - a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere (where it acts as a screen for ultraviolet radiation)
phosgene - a colorless poisonous gas that smells like new-mown hay; used in chemical warfare
phosphine - a colorless gas with a strong fishy smell; used as a pesticide
poison gas - a gas that is poisonous to breath or contact; used in chemical warfare
propene, propylene - a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis
mephitis - a poisonous or foul smelling gas emitted from the earth
sewer gas - foul-smelling gas that forms in sewers
sublimate - the product of vaporization of a solid
sulfur dioxide, sulphur dioxide - a colorless toxic gas (SO2) that occurs in the gases from volcanoes; used in many manufacturing processes and present in industrial emissions; causes acid rain
lachrymator, lacrimator, tear gas, teargas - a gas that makes the eyes fill with tears but does not damage them; used in dispersing crowds
3.gas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleumgas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines
gasohol - a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
leaded gasoline, leaded petrol - gasoline treated with a lead compound to reduce motor knocks; "combustion of leaded gasoline released lead into the air where it could cause lead poisoning"
fuel - a substance that can be consumed to produce energy; "more fuel is needed during the winter months"; "they developed alternative fuels for aircraft"
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
napalm - gasoline jelled with aluminum soaps; highly incendiary liquid used in fire bombs and flamethrowers
unleaded gasoline, unleaded petrol - gasoline that has not been treated with a lead compound
4.gas - a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state - the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
5.gas - a pedal that controls the throttle valvegas - a pedal that controls the throttle valve; "he stepped on the gas"
aeroplane, airplane, plane - an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets; "the flight was delayed due to trouble with the airplane"
auto, automobile, car, motorcar, machine - a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; "he needs a car to get to work"
foot lever, foot pedal, treadle, pedal - a lever that is operated with the foot
6.gas - a fossil fuel in the gaseous stategas - a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
methane - a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel
Verb1.gas - attack with gas; subject to gas fumes; "The despot gassed the rebellious tribes"
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"
teargas - attack with teargas; subject to teargas fumes; "The students were teargassed during the riot"
2.gas - show offgas - show off        
puff - speak in a blustering or scornful manner; "A puffing kind of man"
exaggerate, hyperbolise, hyperbolize, overstate, amplify, magnify, overdraw - to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth; "tended to romanticize and exaggerate this `gracious Old South' imagery"
crow, gloat, triumph - dwell on with satisfaction

gas

noun
1. fumes, vapour Exhaust gases contain many toxins.
2. (U.S., Canad., & N.Z.) petrol, gasoline a tank of gas

Gases

Types of gas  acetylene, afterdamp, ammonia, argon, arsine, biogas, butadiene, butane, butene, Calor gas (trademark), carbon dioxide or carbonic-acid gas, carbon monoxide, chlorine, coal gas, compressed natural gas (CNG), cyanogen, diazomethane, diborane, dichlorodifluoromethane, electrolytic gas, ethane, ethylene, flue gas, fluorine, formaldehyde, helium, hydrogen, hydrogen bromide, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen iodide, hydrogen sulphide, ketene, krypton, laughing gas or nitrous oxide (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), marsh gas, methane, methylamine, methyl bromide, methyl chloride, natural gas, neon, nitric oxide, nitrogen, nitrogen dioxide, nitrous oxide, oilgas, oxygen, ozone, phosgene, phosphine, producer gas or air gas, propane, radon, sewage gas, stibine, synthetic natural gas (SNG), sulphur dioxide, synthesis gas, tail gas, tetrafluoroethene, tetrafluoroethylene, town gas, vinyl chloride, water gas, xenon
Chemical warfare gases  blister gas, CS gas, lewisite, mustard gas, nerve gas, nitrogen mustard, sarin, soman, tabun, tear gas, VX

gas

noun
1. Slang. Incessant and usually inconsequential talk:
Slang: gab, yak.
2. Slang. Something or someone uproariously funny or absurd:
Informal: hoot, joke, laugh, scream.
Slang: howl, panic, riot.
verb
Slang. To talk volubly, persistently, and usually inconsequentially:
Informal: go on, spiel.
Slang: gab, jaw, yak.
Translations
غازغَازغاز التَّخْديرغاز الطَّبْخغاز سام
plynslzný plynbenzínotrávit plynem
gasgassegiftgaslattergaståregas
kaasubensabensiini
גזגזיםדלק
plin
érzéstelenítõgáz
gasgasolina
beita gasi ágaslofttegundsvæfingagastáragas
ガスガソリン気体
가스
apnuodyti dujomisbenzinasdujinisdujokaukėdujos
gāzesaindēt/nogalināt ar gāzi
plynslzotvorný plynbenzínotráviť plynom
plin
plin
gasgaser
แก๊ซ
gazgazla zehirlemekzehirli gazanestezide kullanılan gaz karışımı
khí ga

gas

[gæs]
A. N (gas(s)es (pl))
1. (gen) → gas m; (as anaesthetic) → gas m anestésico; (in mine) → grisú m
2. (US) (= petrol) → gasolina f, nafta f (S. Cone), bencina f (Chile)
to step on the gasacelerar, pisar el acelerador
3. (o.f.) (= gab) to have a gascharlar, parlotear
4. (= fun) what a gas!¡qué divertido!
he's a gas!¡es un tío divertidísimo!
5. (esp US) (Med) (= wind) → gases mpl, flatulencia f
B. VT [+ person] → asfixiar con gas (Mil) → gasear
to gas o.ssuicidarse con gas
C. VI (= gab) → charlar, parlotear
D. CPD [industry, pipe] → de gas
gas bracket Nbrazo m de lámpara de gas
gas burner Nmechero m de gas
gas can N (US) → bidón m de gasolina
gas canister N = gas cylinder gas chamber Ncámara f de gas
gas cooker Ncocina f de or a gas
gas cylinder Nbombona f de gas
gas fire Nestufa f de gas
gas fitter Nfontanero m (especializado en lo relacionado con el gas)
gas fittings NPLinstalación fsing de gas
gas guzzler Nchupagasolina m inv vehículo que consume mucha gasolina
gas heater N = gas fire gas jet Nllama f de mechero de gas
gas leak Nescape m de gas
gas lighter Nencendedor m de gas
gas lighting Nalumbrado m de gas
gas main Ncañería f maestra de gas
gas mantle Nmanguito m incandescente
gas mask Ncareta f antigás
gas meter Ncontador m de gas, medidor m de gas (LAm)
gas oil Ngasóleo m
gas oven Ncocina f de or a gas
gas pedal N (esp US) → acelerador m
gas pipe Ntubo m de gas
gas pipeline Ngasoducto m
gas pump N (US) (in car) → bomba f de gasolina; (in gas station) → surtidor m de gasolina
gas ring Nfuego m de gas
gas station N (US) → gasolinera f, estación f de servicio, bencinera f (Chile), grifo m (Peru)
gas stove Ncocina f de or a gas
gas tank N (US) (Aut) → tanque m or depósito m (de gasolina)
gas tap Nllave f del gas
gas turbine Nturbina f de gas
gas worker Ntrabajador(a) m/f de la compañía de gas

gas

[ˈgæs]
n
(= fuel) → gaz m
gas and electricity → le gaz et l'électricité
a gas leak → une fuite de gaz
(MEDICINE) (used as anaesthetic)gaz m
to be given gas (by dentist)se faire endormir
(US) (= gasoline) → essence f
to step on the gas (mainly US) (= go faster) → appuyer sur le champignon
vt
(= kill) (in gas chamber)gazer; (in trenches)gazer
modif [bill, consumption] → de gazgas central heating nchauffage m central au gazgas chamber nchambre f à gaz

gas

n
Gas nt; to cook with gasmit Gas kochen
(US: = petrol) → Benzin nt; to step on the gasGas geben
(= anaesthetic)Lachgas nt; to have (Brit) or get (US) gasLachgas bekommen
(Mil) → (Gift)gas nt
(US Med: = wind) → Blähungen pl
(inf: = talk) → leeres Gefasel (inf); (boastful) → großspuriges Gerede, Angeberei f; to have a good gaseinen Schwatz halten
(inf) it’s/he’s a gas (= fantastic)es/er ist klasse (inf); (= hilarious)es/er ist zum Schreien (inf)
vtvergasen; they were gassed during their sleep (accidentally) → sie starben im Schlaf an Gasvergiftung; to gas oneselfden Gashahn aufdrehen, sich mit Gas vergiften
vi (inf: = talk) → schwafeln (inf), → faseln (inf)

gas

in cpdsGas-;
gasbag
n (inf)Quasselstrippe f (inf)
gas bracket
nGasanschluss (→ stelle f) m, → Gaszuleitungsrohr nt; (for light) → Wandarm m
gas chamber
nGaskammer f
gas cooker
nGasherd m
gas engine
nGasmaschine for -motor m

gas

:
gas field
nErdgasfeld nt
gas fire
nGasofen m
gas-fired
adjGas-, gasbefeuert (form); gas power stationGaskraftwerk nt
gas fitter
nGasinstallateur(in) m(f)
gas fittings
plGasgeräte pl
gas fixture
nfest installiertes Gasgerät
gas guzzler
n (esp US inf) → Säufer m, → Benzinschlucker m (inf)

gas

:
gas heater
nGasofen m
gasholder
nGasometer m, → (Groß)gasbehälter m
gas jet
nGasdüse f

gas

:
gas lamp
nGaslampe f; (in streets) → Gaslaterne f
gaslight
n
no plGaslicht ntor -beleuchtung f
gas lighter
n
(for cigarettes etc) → Gasfeuerzeug nt
gas lighting
gas-lit
adjmit Gasbeleuchtung
gas main
nGasleitung f
gasman
nGasmann m (inf)
gas mantle
n(Gas)glühstrumpf m
gas mask
nGasmaske f
gas meter
nGaszähler mor -uhr f

gas

:
gas-permeable
adj lensesgasdurchlässig
gas pipe
nGasrohr ntor -leitung f
gas plasma
nGasplasma nt
gas pump
n (US) → Zapfsäule f
gas ring
nGasbrenner m; (portable) → Gaskocher m
gas station
n (US) → Tankstelle f
gas stove
nGasherd m; (portable) → Gaskocher m

gas

:
gas tank
n (US) → Benzintank m
gas tap
nGashahn m
gastight
adjgasdicht

gas

[gæs]
1. n
a. (gen) → gas m inv; (as anaesthetic) → etere m
Calor gas® → gas liquido or in bombole
b. (Am) (also gasoline) → benzina
2. vt (person) → asfissiare (col gas) (Mil) → uccidere col gas asfissiante, gassare
to gas o.s. → asfissiarsi, suicidarsi col gas
3. vi (fam) (chatter) → chiacchierare, cianciare
4. adj (industry, pipe) → del gas

gas

(gӕs) noun
1. a substance like air. Oxygen is a gas.
2. any gas which is used for heating, cooking etc.
3. a gas which is used by dentists as an anaesthetic.
4. a poisonous or irritating gas used in war etc. The police used tear gas to control the riot.
verbpast tense, past participle gassed
to poison or kill (a person or animal) with gas. He was gassed during World War I.
gaseous (ˈgӕsiəs) adjective
of or like (a) gas. a gaseous substance.
ˈgassy adjective
full of gas. gassy lemonade.
ˈgassiness noun
gas chamber
a room in which people are killed by means of gas. Many people were sent to the gas chamber in World War II.
gas mask
something which is used to cover the face to prevent a person breathing poisonous gas.
gas meter
an instrument which measures the amount of gas which is used.
gasoline, gasolene (ˈgӕsəliːn) noun
(American. also gas) petrol.
gas station
(American) a petrol station.
ˈgasworks noun singular
a place where gas is made. The gasworks is rather an ugly building.

gas

غَاز plyn gas Gas αέριο gas kaasu gaz plin gas ガス 가스 gas gass gaz gás газ gas แก๊ซ gaz khí ga 煤气

gas

n. gas, sustancia con propiedades de expansión indefinida;
mustard ______ de mostaza;
nerve ______ neurotóxico;
tear ______ lacrimógeno.

gas

n gas m; (US, fam) gasolina; natural — gas natural; nerve — gas neurotóxico (form), gas nervioso; tear — gas lacrimógeno; to have — tener gases; to pass — expulsar gases; Are you passing gas yet?..¿Ya está expulsando gases?