marasmus

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Related to marasmic: marasmic kwashiorkor

ma·ras·mus

 (mə-răz′məs)
n.
A progressive wasting of the body, occurring chiefly in young children and associated with insufficient intake or malabsorption of food.

[New Latin, from Greek marasmos, from marainein, to waste away; see mer- in Indo-European roots.]

ma·ras′mic adj.

marasmus

(məˈræzməs)
n
(Pathology) pathol general emaciation and wasting, esp of infants, thought to be associated with severe malnutrition or impaired utilization of nutrients
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek marasmos, from marainein to waste]
maˈrasmic adj

ma•ras•mus

(məˈræz məs)

n.
malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and characterized by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development, and irritability.
[1650–60; < New Latin < Greek marasmós a wasting away, akin to maraínein to weaken]
ma•ras′mic, adj.
ma•ras′moid, adj.

marasmus

1. a wasting away or atrophying of the body in the absence of disease.
2. the progressive emaciation that results from malnutrition. — marasmic, adj.
See also: Body, Human
1. a wasting away or atrophying of the body in the absence of disease.
2. the progressive emaciation that results from malnutrition. — marasmic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.marasmus - extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children)marasmus - extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders
malnutrition - a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
Translations
Marasmus

ma·ras·mus

n. marasmo, emaciación debida a malnutrición, esp. en la infancia.
References in periodicals archive ?
1-3] Some observational studies conducted in Africa have shown that children with SAM who are HIV-positive are more at risk of dying compared with thei HIV-negative counterparts, [4-6] especially if they are marasmic.
Marasmic patients have signs of wasting in the axilla, groin and buttock areas, and subsequently on the face.
Beliefs of Himachal women regarding feeding of marasmic or otherwise sick children.
In its response the board said it had provided information covering conditions including marasmic kwashiorkor - de-fined by children's rights organisation Unicef as a form of "severe acute malnutrition" - and "unspecified severe protein-energy malnutrition".
In the spectrum of PEM including kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic kwashiorkor, some investigators have associated aflatoxins specifically with the development of kwashiorkor alone [6-9].
Objectives: To determine the levels and possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFa, IL-1 and IL-6 in children with clinical protein energy malnutrition (kwashiorkor, marasmic kwashiorkor or marasmus) alone and in combination with malaria in Western Kenya.
Altered anti-oxidant status and increased lipid peroxidation in marasmic children.
The study reported that the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines was higher in plasma of malnourished children than in healthy individuals, and higher in children with kwashiorkor than in marasmic children.
This theory is supported by the observations in other studies where blood concentrations of vitamin E derivatives, glutathione, and red cell antioxidant enzymes are lower in children with kwashiorkor than in marasmic children (24-26).