gingiva

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Related to marginal gingiva: attached gingiva

gin·gi·va

 (jĭn′jə-və, jĭn-jī′-)
n. pl. gin·gi·vae (-vē′)
See gum2.

[Latin gingīva.]

gingiva

(ˈdʒɪndʒɪvə; dʒɪnˈdʒaɪvə)
n, pl -givae (-dʒɪˌviː; -ˈdʒaɪviː)
(Anatomy) anatomy the technical name for gum2
[from Latin]
ˈgingival adj

gum1

(gʌm)

n., v. gummed, gum•ming. n.
1. any of various viscid, amorphous exudations from plants, hardening on exposure to air and soluble in or forming a viscid mass with water.
2. any of various similar exudations, as resin.
3. a sticky, adhesive preparation of such a plant substance, as for use in the arts or bookbinding.
6. the adhesive by which a postage stamp is affixed.
v.t.
7. to smear, stiffen, or stick together with gum.
8. to clog with or as if with a gummy substance.
v.i.
9. to exude or form gum.
10. to become gummy.
11. to become clogged with a gummy substance.
12. gum up, Slang. to spoil or ruin.
[1350–1400; gomme < Old French « Latin gummi, cummi < Greek kómmi < Egyptian kmyt]
gum′less, adj.

gum2

(gʌm)

n., v. gummed, gum•ming. n.
1. Often, gums. Also called gingiva. the firm, fleshy tissue covering the surfaces of the jaws and enveloping the necks of the teeth.
v.t.
2. to masticate with toothless gums.
3. to shape or renew the teeth of (a saw).
[1275–1325; Middle English gome, Old English gōma palate; akin to Old High German guomo, Old Norse gōmr palate]

gin·gi·va

(jĭn′jə-və)
The gums of the mouth. ♦ Inflammation of the gums is called gingivitis (jĭn′jə-vī′tĭs).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gingiva - the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teethgingiva - the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
mouth, oral cavity, oral fissure, rima oris - the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge; "he stuffed his mouth with candy"
Translations

gingiva

n (pl -vae) encía
References in periodicals archive ?
However, in contradiction to Yamamoto et al, (12) who point out that the masticatory mucosa, the hard palate, and the gingiva are not affected, the present case shows that, after a surgical intervention (considered as local trauma), the vestibular marginal gingiva of several upper teeth was affected.
This originates as a slight ballooning of the interdental papilla and marginal gingiva forming a bulge around the involved tooth.
Gingival displacement is defined as "retraction of marginal gingiva away from the tooth".
In 1932, Prinz used the term 'chronic diffuse desquamate gingivitis' for chronic diffuse inflammation cases, which were characterized by severe epithelial desquamation in the marginal gingiva (4).
The tissue preparation was intentionally designed to avoid the marginal gingiva, thereby decreasing the chance of postsurgical recession.
Thanks to the sharp and delicate blades, the marginal gingiva and periodontal ligament can be carefully detached.
Initially, life-preserver shaped enlargement is seen in marginal gingiva.
Table 1 shows the results of the Kruskal-Wallis test used to evaluate the effect of the different doses (5, 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) of diltiazem on the connective and epithelial tissue areas of the marginal gingiva of the buccal face of mandibular right first molar.
Correction of the mucogingival defect was achieved through a subepithelial connective tissue graft, with tissue removed from the palate, in association with frenectomy to remove a high frenum insert close to the marginal gingiva.