It took an important step in July 2016 to globalize and marketize
its business -- listing on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX STOCK CODE: 1606).
He notes that "to look back on the past twenty years and forward to the next is to acknowledge higher education's rapid corporatization and internationalization" and expresses concern that "as higher education, deeply influenced by neoliberalism's pressures to marketize
, adopts the structure and value systems of big business, it risks placing private interest before public concern.
But as the movement to marketize
public education gained momentum, advocates broadened their focus from the federal level to state and local governments.
According to David, the leading scholars of development in the West propound theories that seek to "liberalize, marketize
, privatize, tighten their belts, promote hard currencies by adopting the IMF's weak currency mantra, and put the interests of Wall Street, TNCs international financial institutions, and ruling elites above those of local populations.
The developmental, hegemonic Kautilya-Mauryan state was in fact a domain as well as a tax state, endeavouring to monetize, marketize
and expand the economy.
First, not all Soviet-type natural economic planning systems collapse, or implode trying to marketize
Arguing that "mismanagement"--not a lack of resources or other pressures--was the main cause of public health sector problems, starting in the 1980s the World Bank, InterAmerican Development Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) aggressively demanded that countries marketize
and privatize healthcare.
On the other hand, it could also be said to demonstrate a resilient state comprising a plurality of interests, which is able to resist unwelcome pressures to marketize
while leaving scope for many innovations and adjustments to produce a more efficient set of economic enterprises.
Warrian's advice to public sector unions to abandon their traditional defensive posture and be more accommodative of the drive to marketize
the public sector would leave the more radical sections of the New Right even less constrained in their ongoing crusade to both dismantle the welfare state and eviscerate organized labour.
This has proved an insuperable political obstacle thus far for those seeking to marketize
China has the motivation to marketize
For instance, the US African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) of 2000 provides that states may receive trade preferences if they marketize
, liberalize, privatize, desubsidize, deregulate, and do not undermine US foreign-policy interests (Sautman and Yan 2007).