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Related to martensite: austenite
A solid solution of iron and up to one percent of carbon, the chief constituent of hardened carbon tool steels.
[After Adolf Martens (1850-1914), German metallurgist.]
mar′ten·sit′ic (-zĭt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Metallurgy) metallurgy a constituent formed in steels by rapid quenching, consisting of a supersaturated solid solution of carbon in iron. It is formed by the breakdown of austenite when the rate of cooling is large enough to prevent pearlite forming
[C20: named after Adolf Martens (died 1914), German metallurgist]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
a magnetic microconstituent of carbon steels, formed by decomposition of austenite: found in all hardened tool steels.
[1895–1900; after Adolf Martens (d. 1914), German metallurgist; see -ite1]
mar`ten•sit′ic (-ˈzɪt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||martensite - a solid solution of carbon in alpha-iron that is formed when steel is cooled so rapidly that the change from austenite to pearlite is suppressed; responsible for the hardness of quenched steel|
quenched steel - steel that has been hardened by immersing it in water or oil to cool it
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