martensite

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mar·ten·site

 (mär′tn-zīt′)
n.
A solid solution of iron and up to one percent of carbon, the chief constituent of hardened carbon tool steels.

[After Adolf Martens (1850-1914), German metallurgist.]

mar′ten·sit′ic (-zĭt′ĭk) adj.

martensite

(ˈmɑːtɪnˌzaɪt)
n
(Metallurgy) metallurgy a constituent formed in steels by rapid quenching, consisting of a supersaturated solid solution of carbon in iron. It is formed by the breakdown of austenite when the rate of cooling is large enough to prevent pearlite forming
[C20: named after Adolf Martens (died 1914), German metallurgist]
martensitic adj
ˌmartenˈsitically adv

mar•tens•ite

(ˈmɑr tnˌzaɪt)

n.
a magnetic microconstituent of carbon steels, formed by decomposition of austenite: found in all hardened tool steels.
[1895–1900; after Adolf Martens (d. 1914), German metallurgist; see -ite1]
mar`ten•sit′ic (-ˈzɪt ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.martensite - a solid solution of carbon in alpha-iron that is formed when steel is cooled so rapidly that the change from austenite to pearlite is suppressedmartensite - a solid solution of carbon in alpha-iron that is formed when steel is cooled so rapidly that the change from austenite to pearlite is suppressed; responsible for the hardness of quenched steel
quenched steel - steel that has been hardened by immersing it in water or oil to cool it
primary solid solution, solid solution - a homogeneous solid that can exist over a range of component chemicals; a constituent of alloys that is formed when atoms of an element are incorporated into the crystals of a metal
Translations
martenzyt
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of compressive plastic deformation on mean lattice strains, dislocation densities and flow stresses of martensitically hardened steels, Materials Science and Engineering: A 319321: 299-303.