His death in prison several years later allowed Catholic martyrologists
to claim that he was imprisoned and died for his faith.
In other words, early modern martyrologists
used narrative tropes imported from medieval anthologies such as The Golden Legend in order to authenticate their own accounts.
(24) Even more pointedly, Anne Askew, memorialized by Protestant martyrologists
John Bale and John Foxe, affirms that "bycause I laye styli and ded not crye, my lorde Chauncellour and master Ryche, toke peynes to rake me their owne handes, tyll I was nygh dead." (25) In both cases, the body of the martyr is extraordinary not only because it suffers, but because it endures.
The comparison between Christ and the martyrs was a popular motif with both Catholic and Protestant martyrologists
in the mid-sixteenth century.
Du Bourg succumbed to pressure to save his life by renouncing his faith before reasserting himself and retracting this confession, and his martyrologists
had to find a way to explain this momentary weakness without compromising their larger picture of a man steadfast in his faith.
It offers a fresh analysis of the queen, whose reputation as 'bloody Mary' was advanced by sixteenth-century Protestant historians and martyrologists
, chiefly John Foxe in his Book of Martyrs, but whose reputation also became a historiographic orthodoxy for nineteenth--and twentieth-century historians.
Contrary to being simple polemical tracts, the works of John Foxe or Robert Persons "helped to produce, not merely to record, religious divisions" (3), while on a literary level, Monta writes, martyrologists
, in their intense awareness of the interlap between their claims and others "foster[ed] particular methods of reading and interpretation" (5) in order to guide their audience to the proper understanding necessary to salvation.
While Foxe's martyrology rejects 'the scope of supernatural manifestations associated with the death of the martyr, and, subsequently, with his relics or shrine', (32) catholic martyrologists
accept the value of relics, extending the contestation from the significance of dying speeches to the significance of physical signs--the dead as well as the dying body.
A second approach is in significant continuity with the vision of the early Anabaptist martyrologists
, who emphasized the essential link of discipleship and suffering.
(41.) Colin Morris, "Martyrs on the Field of Battle before and during the First Crusade," in Diana Wood, ed., Martyrs and Martyrologists
(Oxford: Blackwell, 1993), 93.
As many of us know full well, martyrs are in large part the creations of martyrologists
, as there would be no story of righteous struggle and victory through death without a survivor to tell it.
The Christian martyrologists
claim cases of mass conversion in the arena, from swells of respect garnered by Christians who demonstrated fortitude.