The work of John Hattie on Visible Learning, for example, shows if teachers want to build math fluency, spreading out the work overtime, or spaced practice, is more effective than massed practice
with large sets of problems on worksheets.
Anyone who has sung a long operatic role or an extensive art song recital can confirm that vocal endurance--as acquired gradually through periodic massed practice sessions--is a necessity in preparing for such a performance.
* 1 month prior to performance: 4 days per week distributed practice, 2 days per week massed (similar to performance conditions), 1 day per week rest (post massed practice).
The massed practice component refers to the engagement in these 15 activities in blocks of time.
The massed practice exercise component of the CI Therapy protocol was important, as it had to be intense enough to produce a treatment effect, but not so intense as to reduce compliance.
A single subject alternating treatment design was used to compare the relative effectiveness of one-to-one embedded instruction in the general education classroom and one-to-one massed practice instruction in a special education class.
The primary difference from traditional teaching formats is that the instructional trials are distributed within and across class activities rather than being presented rapidly one after the other in a massed practice format.
The success of "massed practice
," i.e., intensive physical rehabilitation interventions , has naturally led to a demand for automated systems that patients can use several hours daily at home rather than at outpatient clinics.
Birmingham University director of postgraduate programmes in educational psychology Sue Morris says: "There is very well-founded research evidence which supports the effectiveness of structured schemes that Ensure masteryearning of each successive step in the sequence, before pupils move on to the next step Include interleaved earning, where earners continue to practice the established', recently mastered skills in addition to practising the new (next step) target skills, to ensure thatthe skills become integrated n Allow fordistributed practice of skills, that is 'little and often', rather than massed practice
, that is longer, but less frequent sessions
The present experiment extends the literature by demonstrating that unguided group discussion facilitates learning that is representative of industrial training with respect to some information-processing demands and other training conditions, such as massed practice
schedules, individual-level evaluation, gender of trainees, and screening of trainees.
According to Drowatzy (1970), this is commonly referred to as "massed practice
," "fixed-format," or the "serial" approach.
Some classic examples include the benefits of distributed over massed practice
(e.g., Greene, 1989; Proctor, 1980), as well as the benefits of using a variety of example problems during practice and problem solution (e.g., Gick and Holyoak, 1987; Singley and Anderson, 1989).