We see the same great law in the construction of the mouths of insects: what can be more different than the immensely long spiral proboscis of a sphinx-moth, the curious folded one of a bee or bug, and the great jaws of a beetle?--yet all these organs, serving for such different purposes, are formed by infinitely numerous modifications of an upper lip, mandibles, and two pairs of maxillae. Analogous laws govern the construction of the mouths and limbs of crustaceans.
So with the mouths of insects, we have only to suppose that their common progenitor had an upper lip, mandibles, and two pair of maxillae, these parts being perhaps very simple in form; and then natural selection will account for the infinite diversity in structure and function of the mouths of insects.
On its first arrival it appeared very thirsty, and with exserted maxillae
drank eagerly of drops of water, this same circumstance has been observed by Strack: may it not be in consequence of the little insect having passed through a dry and rarefied atmosphere?
Following completion of this protocol, protraction force is applied to move the maxillae
Rigolizzo, ""All-on-4" immediate-function concept for completely edentulous maxillae
: a clinical report on the medium (3 years) and long-term (5 years) outcomes," Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, vol.
are modified into sucking disks and the rim was supported with 41-42 rods which was overlapping small sclerites.
10-year follow-up of onlay bone grafts and implants in severely resorbed maxillae
. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2004;33(3):258-262.
The zygomatic implant, originated and developed by Dr PI Branemark, has been used as posterior anchorage for implant-supported prostheses in patients with atrophic maxillae
The maxillary apparatus of each individual was extracted after an anterodorsal incision and mounted on a slide to study the details of both maxillae
and the mandibles under an optical microscope.
(2007) Short implants placed one-stage in maxillae
and mandibles: a retrospective clinical study with 1 to 9 yrs of follow up.
These include a left ilium, three distal humeri, three incomplete maxillae
, and a fragmentary right squamosal described by BAEZ (1987; MACN-RN 160) as coming from the Late Cretaceous (Campanian-Maastrichtian) Los Alamitos Formation, at Los Alamitos Ranch, RIO Negro province, Argentina.
Numerous color photographs illustrate treatment planning and implant positioning, soft tissue management, autogenous bone grafts, reconstruction of craniofacial function, and zygomatic implants as a surgical alternative for atrophic maxillae
. The last chapter presents Francischone's classification of implant prostheses into eight groups.