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One who advocates extremist views or radical action to secure a social or political goal.
[Russian maksimalist, name applied in 1906 to an extreme splinter group of the Russian Socialist Revolutionary Party, ultimately from Latin maximum, maximum; see maximum.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(in early 20th-century Russia) n
1. (Historical Terms) a member of the radical faction of Social Revolutionaries that supported terrorism against the tsarist regime and advocated a short period of postrevolutionary working-class dictatorship
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of the radical faction of Social Revolutionaries that supported terrorism against the tsarist regime and advocated a short period of postrevolutionary working-class dictatorship
3. (Historical Terms) a less common name for a Bolshevik
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a less common name for a Bolshevik
[C20: from French, a translation of Russian; see Bolshevik]
a person who favours direct action to achieve all his goals and rejects compromise
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
max•i•mal•ist(ˈmæk sə mə lɪst)
a person who favors a radical and immediate approach to the achievement of a set of goals.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.