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auxiliary v., pres. may;
Might and may are used mainly to talk about possibility. They can also be used to make a request, to ask permission, or to make a suggestion. When might and may are used with the same meaning, may is more formal than might. Might and may are called modals.
In conversation, the negative form mightn't is often used instead of 'might not'. The form mayn't is much less common. People usually use the full form may not.
You can use might or may to say that it is possible that something is true or that something will happen in the future.
You can use could in a similar way, but only in positive sentences.
You can use might well or may well to show that it is fairly likely that something is true.
You use might not or may not to say that it is possible that something is not true.
Don't use 'might not' or 'may not' to say that it is impossible that something is true. Instead you use could not, cannot, or can't.
Don't use 'may' when you are asking if something is possible. Don't say, for example, 'May he be right?' Say 'Might he be right?' or, more usually, 'Could he be right?'
Don't say 'What may happen?' You usually say 'What is likely to happen?'
You use might or may with have to say that it is possible that something happened in the past, but you do not know whether it happened or not.
Could have can be used in a similar way.
However, if something did not happen and you want to say that there was a possibility of it happening, you can only use might have or could have. Don't use 'may have'. For example, you say 'If he hadn't fallen, he might have won the race'. Don't say 'If he hadn't hurt his ankle, he may have won the race'.
You use might not or may not with have to say that it is possible that something did not happen or was not true.
Don't use 'might not have' or 'may not have' to say that it is impossible that something happened or was true. Instead you use could not have or, in British English, cannot have.
In formal English, may and might are sometimes used for making a request, or asking or giving permission.
Might is often used in polite suggestions.
|Noun||1.||May - the month following April and preceding June|
Gregorian calendar, New Style calendar - the solar calendar now in general use, introduced by Gregory XIII in 1582 to correct an error in the Julian calendar by suppressing 10 days, making Oct 5 be called Oct 15, and providing that only centenary years divisible by 400 should be leap years; it was adopted by Great Britain and the American colonies in 1752
First of May, May 1, May Day - observed in many countries to celebrate the coming of spring; observed in Russia and related countries in honor of labor
Mother's Day - second Sunday in May
Armed Forces Day - the 3rd Saturday in May
Decoration Day, Memorial Day - legal holiday in the United States, last Monday in May; commemorates the members of the United States armed forces who were killed in war
Gregorian calendar month - a month in the Gregorian calendar
mid-May - the middle part of May
|2.||may - thorny Eurasian shrub of small tree having dense clusters of white to scarlet flowers followed by deep red berries; established as an escape in eastern North America|
see July for usage
may1 [meɪ] (might (pt, cond)) MODAL AUX VB
it may be that he has had to go out → puede (ser) que haya tenido que salir
he may not be hungry → a lo mejor no tiene hambre
they may well be related → puede que sean parientes
that's as may be → eso puede ser
be that as it may → sea como sea
they may have gone out → puede que hayan salido, a lo mejor han salido
he may not have spoken to her yet → a lo mejor no ha hablado con ella todavía, puede que no haya hablado con ella todavía
I may have said so → es posible que lo haya dicho, puede que lo haya dicho
yes, I may → sí, es posible, sí, a lo mejor
I might have said so → pudiera haberlo dicho
as you might expect → como era de esperar, según cabía esperar
who might you be? → ¿quién es usted?
how old might you be? → ¿cuántos años tendrás?
such a policy as might bring peace → una política que pudiera traernos la paz
yes, you may → sí, puedes, ¡cómo no!
if I may → si me lo permites
may I? → ¿me permite?, con permiso
may I go now? → ¿puedo irme ya?
may I see it? → ¿se puede ver?, ¿puedo verlo?
may I come in? → ¿se puede?, con permiso
you may smoke → se permite fumar
you may not smoke → se prohíbe fumar
if I may advise you → si permites que te dé un consejo
might I suggest that ...? → me permito sugerir que ...
may God bless you → ¡Dios te bendiga!
may you be forgiven! → ¡que Dios te perdone!
long may he reign! → ¡que reine muchos años!
or may I never eat prawns again → o que no vuelva nunca a comer gambas
I hoped he might succeed this time → esperaba que lo lograra esta vez
mightn't it be better to ...? + INFIN → ¿no sería mejor ...? + infin
run as he might → por mucho que corriese
may2 [meɪ] N (Bot) (= blossom) → flor f del espino (Brit) (= tree) → espino m
may[ˈmeɪ] modal aux vb
It may rain → Il se peut qu'il pleuve., Il va peut-être pleuvoir.
"Are you going to the party?" - "I don't know, I may." → "Est-ce que tu vas à la soirée?" - "Je ne sais pas, j'irai peut-être.", "Est-ce que tu vas à la soirée?" - "Je ne sais pas, il se peut que j'y aille."
come what may → advienne que pourra
May I smoke? → Est-ce que je peux fumer?, Puis-je fumer?
May I sit here? → Est-ce que je peux m'asseoir ici?, Puis-je m'asseoir ici?
May we come in? → Pouvons-nous entrer?, Est-ce que nous pouvons entrer?
You may leave → Vous pouvez partir.
I may be old, but I'm not stupid → Je suis peut-être vieux mais je ne suis pas stupide.
I may be almost 70, but there's not much I've forgotten → J'ai peut-être presque 70 ans mais je n'ai pas oublié grand chose.
May[meɪ] n → maggio
for usage see July
may[meɪ] (might (pt)) modal aux vb
he might come → potrebbe venire, può anche darsi che venga
I might well go → potrei anche andare
he might be there → può darsi che ci sia
he may not be hungry → potrebbe non aver fame, può darsi che non abbia fame
they may well be connected → può darsi benissimo che ci sia un legame
that's as may be → può anche darsi
be that as it may → comunque sia, sia come sia
you may well ask! → è quello che mi chiedo anch'io!
may I have a cigarette? - yes, of course → potrei avere una sigaretta? - sì, prego
may I sit here? → le dispiace se mi siedo qua?
if I may say so → se mi è concesso dirlo
may I? → permette?
might I suggest that ...? → con il suo permesso suggerirei che...
he said I might leave → mi ha detto che potevo andare
I hoped he might succeed this time → speravo che stavolta ci sarebbe riuscito
we may or might as well go → tanto vale che ci andiamo
he might have offered to help → avrebbe potuto offrirsi di aiutare
as you might expect → come c'era da aspettarsi
you might like to try → forse le piacerebbe provare