She provides a detailed account of Clegg's knowledge and mastery of various South African traditional (and neotraditional) musical forms (not only ngoma but also maskanda [Zulu guitar music] and mbaqanga
[township jive music]), his collaborative projects with other South African musicians, and his mastery of fusion.
including mbira, mbaqanga
, jit and the traditional drumming styles of the Korekore.
"Graceland," which incorporated mbaqanga
music of South Africa with American pop, that became his magnum opus.
And if 'liveness' provides privileged access to world music markets for the mbaqanga
musicians and producers Meintjes describes, it also calls attention to the fact that other musical styles lack these qualities.
Soul brothers impimpi (soul brothers records 1989) Moses and David--the duo known as The Soul Brothers--are pioneers of "mbaqanga
," a maskandi, or Zulu folk, take on Motown soul popular through the '80s and and '90s.
The Mahotella Queens are a trio of spirited singers (and dancers), who play a more hardcore mbaqanga
variety of township music.
Opening act the Mahotella Queens had threatened to steal the show with a purely acapella 30-minute set of 'mbaqanga
', the wildly infectious and incredibly danceable Zulu jazz which ruled the roost in the rainbow nation during the apartheid years.
Inteendeel: daar word ook skreeusnaakse insidente verhaal, soos die in "Heitsa kwaito!" van die oujaarskonsert op die "boeredorp" toe die burgemeester gereel het vir 'n "ingevoerde" orkes ("Hy het bedoel ingevoer van Johannesburg af", 50), met die naam "Diamonds and Dust" om te kom speel, en die boere-ooms--en tannies alte lekker begin dans het op die ritmes van "Mbaqanga
, Jonas Gwanga en Victor Masondo se vroegste treffers, Mirian Makeba, verby die African Quavers, die marabenta-ritmes, Sophiatown, Bayete ..."
Full of talent and innovation, African Flag Pantsula has created eight of their own Pantsula styles namely: Taptsula a combination of Pantsula and Tap Dance, Gumtsula a fusion of Pantsula Boot Dance, Classical Pantsula, Gear/slowpoison pantsula, Type and Hip-Hop Pantsula, Traditional and Mbaqanga
Pantsula, Kwaito Pantsula and South Africa Wedding Pantsula.
It is the equivalent of Mbaqanga
, Kwaito and Pansula in South Africa and R&B in America.
That Colmbiafrica somehow take in Zimbabwean Chimurenga guitar and South African township mbaqanga
along the way does raise the eyebrows, though.
He had heard 23-year old Hilda Tloubatla singing on South Africa's state radio station SABC and he introduced her to the other two core 'Queens', Nobesuthu Shawe Mbadu and Mildred Man-gxola, as well as to Mahlathini and the Makgona Tsohle Band, a Mbaqanga