After Millikan's result, the constants used to determine the parameter A were modified to account for a more accurate representation of the

mean free path by several authors: Langmuir [5], Davies [6], DeMarcus and Thomas [7], Reif [8], and Fuchs [9].

Raineri, "Mapping the density of scattering centers limiting the electron

mean free path in graphene," Nano Letters, vol.

where c is Adzumi's constant (0.9 [12]), [P.sub.p] is pore pressure, and [lambda] is

mean free pathwhere d is the film thickness, [[lambda].sub.0] is the electron

mean free path, and p is the surface scattering factor.

An approximate

mean free path equation for the air molecules is therefore given by (4) and (5).

One of the other values that are calculated in this study of GAGOC and CMO is the

mean free path (MFP) which is described in [15, 16].

A., "Quantitative Electron Spectroscopy of Surface: A Standard Data Base for Electron Inelastic

Mean Free Paths in Solids," Surf.

"Our work is the first ab initio calculation of the key quantities of interest for hot carriers--lifetime, which tells us how long it takes to lose enera, and the

mean free path, which tells us how far they travel before losing energy."

These electrons travel freely on average by a distance called electron

mean free path equal to l = [[upsilon].sub.F][tau], where [[upsilon].sub.F] is the Fermi velocity.

Abstract: Polymers are usually considered thermal insulators, because the amorphous arrangement of the molecular chains reduces the

mean free path of heat-conducting phonons.

where c, v, and l are the volumetric heat capacity of the medium, speed of sound in the medium, and

mean free path, i.e., the average distance between successive collisions for the heat carrier, respectively.

NIST IMFD database was utilized to find inelastic

mean free path of electrons in solids [19].