# vector

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Related to mechanical vector: biological vector

## vec·tor

(vĕk′tər)
n.
1. Mathematics
a. A quantity, such as velocity, completely specified by a magnitude and a direction.
b. A one-dimensional array.
c. An element of a vector space.
2. An organism, such as a mosquito or tick, that carries disease-causing microorganisms from one host to another.
3. A bacteriophage, plasmid, or other agent that transfers genetic material from one cell to another.
4. A force or influence.
5. A course or direction, as of an airplane.
tr.v. vec·tored, vec·tor·ing, vec·tors
To guide (a pilot or aircraft, for example) by means of radio communication according to vectors.

[Latin, carrier, from vehere, vect-, to carry; see wegh- in Indo-European roots.]

vec·to′ri·al (vĕk-tôr′ē-əl) adj.

## vector

(ˈvɛktə)
n
1. (Mathematics) maths Also called: polar vector a variable quantity, such as force, that has magnitude and direction and can be resolved into components that are odd functions of the coordinates. It is represented in print by a bold italic symbol: F or ̄F. Compare pseudoscalar, pseudovector, scalar1, tensor2
2. (Mathematics) maths an element of a vector space
3. (Pathology) pathol Also called: carrier an organism, esp an insect, that carries a disease-producing microorganism from one host to another, either within or on the surface of its body
4. (Genetics) genetics Also called: cloning vector an agent, such as a bacteriophage or a plasmid, by means of which a fragment of foreign DNA is inserted into a host cell to produce a gene clone in genetic engineering
5. (Navigation) the course or compass direction of an aircraft
6. any behavioural influence, force, or drive
vb (tr)
7. (Navigation) to direct or guide (a pilot, aircraft, etc) by directions transmitted by radio
8. (Aeronautics) to alter the direction of (the thrust of a jet engine) as a means of steering an aircraft
[C18: from Latin: carrier, from vehere to convey]
vectorial adj
vecˈtorially adv

## vec•tor

(ˈvɛk tər)

n.
1. a quantity possessing both magnitude and direction, as force or velocity. Compare scalar (def. 4).
2. the direction or course followed by something, as an airplane.
3.
a. something or someone, as a person or an insect, that carries and transmits a disease-causing organism.
b. any agent, as a mutated virus, that acts as a carrier or transporter.
v.t.
4.
a. to guide (an aircraft) in flight by issuing appropriate headings.
b. to change direction of (the thrust of a jet or rocket engine) in order to steer the craft.
[1695–1705; < Latin: one that conveys, derivative of vehere to carry]
vec•to′ri•al (-ˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-) adj.
vec•to′ri•al•ly, adv.

## vec·tor

(vĕk′tər)
1. A quantity, such as velocity or change of position, that has both magnitude and direction. Compare scalar.
2. An organism, such as a mosquito or tick, that spreads disease-causing microorganisms from one host to another without harm to itself.

## vector

Past participle: vectored
Gerund: vectoring

Imperative
vector
vector
Present
I vector
you vector
he/she/it vectors
we vector
you vector
they vector
Preterite
I vectored
you vectored
he/she/it vectored
we vectored
you vectored
they vectored
Present Continuous
I am vectoring
you are vectoring
he/she/it is vectoring
we are vectoring
you are vectoring
they are vectoring
Present Perfect
I have vectored
you have vectored
he/she/it has vectored
we have vectored
you have vectored
they have vectored
Past Continuous
I was vectoring
you were vectoring
he/she/it was vectoring
we were vectoring
you were vectoring
they were vectoring
Past Perfect
I had vectored
you had vectored
he/she/it had vectored
we had vectored
you had vectored
they had vectored
Future
I will vector
you will vector
he/she/it will vector
we will vector
you will vector
they will vector
Future Perfect
I will have vectored
you will have vectored
he/she/it will have vectored
we will have vectored
you will have vectored
they will have vectored
Future Continuous
I will be vectoring
you will be vectoring
he/she/it will be vectoring
we will be vectoring
you will be vectoring
they will be vectoring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been vectoring
you have been vectoring
he/she/it has been vectoring
we have been vectoring
you have been vectoring
they have been vectoring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been vectoring
you will have been vectoring
he/she/it will have been vectoring
we will have been vectoring
you will have been vectoring
they will have been vectoring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been vectoring
you had been vectoring
he/she/it had been vectoring
we had been vectoring
you had been vectoring
they had been vectoring
Conditional
I would vector
you would vector
he/she/it would vector
we would vector
you would vector
they would vector
Past Conditional
I would have vectored
you would have vectored
he/she/it would have vectored
we would have vectored
you would have vectored
they would have vectored

## vector

A quantity that is direction as well as magnitude.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
 Noun 1 vector - a variable quantity that can be resolved into componentsvariable quantity, variable - a quantity that can assume any of a set of valuescross product, vector product - a vector that is the product of two other vectorsvector sum, resultant - a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectorsradius vector - a line connecting a point in space to the origin of a polar coordinate systemradius vector - a line connecting a satellite to the center of the body around which it is rotating 2 vector - a straight line segment whose length is magnitude and whose orientation in space is directionstraight line - a line traced by a point traveling in a constant direction; a line of zero curvature; "the shortest distance between two points is a straight line"ray - (mathematics) a straight line extending from a point 3 vector - any agent (person or animal or microorganism) that carries and transmits a disease; "mosquitos are vectors of malaria and yellow fever"; "fleas are vectors of the plague"; "aphids are transmitters of plant diseases"; "when medical scientists talk about vectors they are usually talking about insects"transmitteranimal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movementmicroorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic sizeagent - an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect; "their research uncovered new disease agents"gene delivery vector, transducing vector - a vector for delivering genes into cellsimmune carrier, carrier - (medicine) a person (or animal) who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others 4 vector - (genetics) a virus or other agent that is used to deliver DNA to a cellvirus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of proteincosmid - (genetics) a large vector that is made from a bacteriophage and used to clone genes or gene fragmentsgenetic science, genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms

## vector

noun
The compass direction in which a ship or an aircraft moves:
Translations
přenašečvektor
vektor
kurssivektori
vektor
ベクトル
koersvector
vektor
vektor
vektor

[ˈvektəʳ] N

[ˈvɛktər] n
(= variable) →
(= carrier) →

## vector

n (Math, Aviat) → Vektor m; (Biol) → Träger m

## vector

in cpds (Math) → Vektor(en)-;
vector graphics
plVektorgrafik f

## vector

[ˈvɛktəʳ] n (Math, Phys, Bio) →

## vec·tor

n. vector, portador, organismo microbiano transmisor de agentes infecciosos.

## vector

n vector m
References in periodicals archive ?
The house fly, Musca domestica (Linnaeus 1758) (Diptera: Muscidae) is the most studied species that acts as a mechanical vector and it has been proven to carry and disperse a large number of pathogens, especially gastrointestinal bacteria of the genera Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus, Enterococcus, Shigella, Salmonella, and Aeromonas (Gupta et al.
In spite that adults of Clogmia albipunctata are of minor medical importance, are only annoyances, however, have been implicated in inhalant allergy in many cases in South Africa (13) and as a potential mechanical vector of bacterial pathogens associated with nosocomial infections in infested German hospitals (19).
There are various possible transmissions of bacteria, viruses and other pathogens from wild birds to human through a mechanical vector, which are arthropods e.
With the growing concern about the occurrence of ants in these environments, several studies have been undertaken in Brazil aiming to verify the potential of these organisms to carry pathogenic microorganisms, and the results have indicated their role as mechanical vector, contaminating the environment and collaborating to nosocomial infections (BUENO; FOWLER, 1994; FOWLER et al.
domesn'ca, is not only a nuisance pest, but also acts as an important mechanical vector for many pathogenic microorganisms, mainly bacteria, protozoa, worms, fungi and viruses amongst humans and animals (9).
The fly acts as a mechanical vector of infection, spreading the bacteria as it feeds on the secretions from the eye,' he explained.
The female botfly attaches her eggs to the abdomen of a biting arthropod as a mechanical vector.
The surveys carried out in Brazil point the low occurrence of ants of this genus, more in hospitals as carriers of pathogenic bacteria, acting as a mechanical vector (ZARZUELA et al.

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