Based on application, the market is segmented into laparoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, arthroscopy, obstetrics/gynecology endoscopy, urology, bronchoscopy, mediastinoscopy
, ENT endoscopy, and other applications.
Keywords: EBUS-TBNA, Lung cancer, Mediastinoscopy
By application, the GI endoscopy segment is estimated to dominate the market in 2017 Based on application, the market is segmented into laparoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, arthroscopy, obstetrics/gynecology endoscopy, urology, bronchoscopy, mediastinoscopy
, otoscopy, laryngoscopy, and other applications (endoscopies for facelifts, forehead lifts, abdominoplasty procedures, and breast augmentation).
If the parathyroid adenoma is located in the mediastinum, median sternotomy, thoracotomy, mediastinotomy, mediastinoscopy
, or thoracoscopy may be required for resection, similar to other mediastinal masses (6-8).
(14) EBUS-TBNA is now recommended as the first diagnostic procedure for patients with locally advanced lung cancer, based on its high sensitivity but low morbidity compared to more invasive procedures, such as mediastinoscopy
. (15) Recently, the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) published updated guidelines and expert panel reports on the technical aspects of this procedure.
She underwent mediastinoscopy
with lymph node biopsy suggestive of classic Hodgkin's lymphoma 4 months after sarcoid diagnosis (Fig.
He elected for close surveillance with serial imaging in lieu of mediastinoscopy
. Six-month follow up imaging showed stable size of the mediastinal lymph nodes and slight enlargement of a left neck lymph node (Figure 1) and he was subsequently referred to the Department of Otolaryngology.
There are invasive methods for evaluation of abnormal mediastinal lymph nodes, including mediastinoscopy
(Med) , thoracoscopy , transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) , endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) , and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) .
To date, mediastinoscopy
has been considered the gold standard for diagnosis and mediastinal staging with high sensitivity and accuracy, but the procedure has been progressively underused due to its high invasiveness, risk of complications, and the need to be performed in experienced centres .
is a procedure indicated for diagnostic biopsy of a mediastinal mass or adenopathy, and it is required to assign appropriate treatment in accordance with the anatomopathologist result.
No statistical difference was observed between mediastinoscopy
, 99mTc-MIBI SPECT, and CT by using the McNemar test (p>0.05).